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Urban environmental quality in two Belgian cities, evaluated on the basis of residential choices and GIS data

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  • Isabelle Reginster
  • Florence Goffette-Nagot

Abstract

Our objective in this paper is to analyse empirically the effects of environmental quality on residential location choices in two Belgian cities, using a detailed description of the urban environment derived from remotely sensed data and using GIS tools. According to urban models which include amenities, environmental quality may influence land rents and location by income in the city. In order to test these relations, average land rents and mean income per district are regressed on distance to the centre and several environmental characteristics, using the instrumental variables method in order to take account of endogeneity. Fourteen environmental variables, representing socioeconomic facilities and natural attributes are obtained from aerial photographs, satellite images, and ancillary data. Their spatial representations are constructed using GIS functions. The empirical results confirm the impact of greenery on location choice and the existence of a higher environmental quality at the periphery than near the centre of the two cities. They also reveal that the impact of environmental quality components on residential location depends on the shape and history of the cities and on the relative scarcity of the environmental attributes.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabelle Reginster & Florence Goffette-Nagot, 2005. "Urban environmental quality in two Belgian cities, evaluated on the basis of residential choices and GIS data," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(6), pages 1067-1090, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:37:y:2005:i:6:p:1067-1090
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    Cited by:

    1. Cho, Eun Joo & Rodriguez, Daniel & Song, Yan, 2008. "The Role of Employment Subcenters in Residential Location Decisions," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 1(2), pages 121-151.
    2. Macauley, Molly K., 2009. "Earth Observations in Social Science Research for Management of Natural Resources and the Environment: Identifying the Contribution of the U.S. Land Remote Sensing (Landsat) Program," Discussion Papers dp-09-01, Resources For the Future.
    3. Kamil Faisal & Ahmed Shaker, 2017. "An Investigation of GIS Overlay and PCA Techniques for Urban Environmental Quality Assessment: A Case Study in Toronto, Ontario, Canada," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-25, March.
    4. Jean Cavailhés & Isabelle Thomas, 2011. "The influence of urban sprawl on farmland prices in Belgium (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1628, European Regional Science Association.

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