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Agglomeration economies and spatial configurations in rural areas

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  • F Goffette-Nagot
  • B Schmitt

Abstract

The question to be addressed in this paper is that of the agglomeration and dispersion forces that are likely to account for the location of people and jobs in rural areas and the way these forces explain spatial patterns in rural areas depending on urban influence. Economic geography models may provide suitable tools with which to investigate the organization of rural areas. We first review these models, focusing on dispersion forces, which rest on land consumption and transport costs. We then suggest a set of hypotheses concerning the main forces at work in rural areas. Intensity of agglomeration economies is hypothesized to be related to urban size, which in turn induces increasing land rents and finally agglomeration diseconomies. Such diseconomies encourage population spread around the city and in a second stage a possible partial decentralization of population-serving firms, which seek proximity to households because of shopping transport costs. The consequences in terms of spatial patterns are that beyond a certain threshold of city size, decentralization of population-serving firms occurs, giving rise to secondary service centers, whereas services remain concentrated in the center for smaller cities. Empirical results concerning population densities, labor-force exchanges, and distribution of residentiary services in labor-market areas surrounding cities in six French regions are presented.

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  • F Goffette-Nagot & B Schmitt, 1999. "Agglomeration economies and spatial configurations in rural areas," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(7), pages 1239-1257, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:31:y:1999:i:7:p:1239-1257
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    Cited by:

    1. Paolo Veneri & Vicente Ruiz, 2016. "Urban-To-Rural Population Growth Linkages: Evidence From Oecd Tl3 Regions," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(1), pages 3-24, January.
    2. Ivan Muñiz & Anna Galindo & Miguel Ángel García, 2002. "Cubic spline population density functions and subcentre delimitation. The case of Barcelona," Working Papers wpdea0209, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    3. Escobal, Javier & Favareto, Arilson & Aguirre, Francisco & Ponce, Carmen, 2015. "Linkage to Dynamic Markets and Rural Territorial Development in Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 44-55.
    4. Evert J Meijers & Martijn J Burger, 2010. "Spatial Structure and Productivity in US Metropolitan Areas," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 42(6), pages 1383-1402, June.
    5. Michel Blanc & Éric Cahuzac & Gabriel Tahar & Germain Zerah, 2005. "L'appariement de l'offre et de la demande sur les marchés locaux du travail : une comparaison entre espaces ruraux et espaces urbains," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 19-33.
    6. Ivan Muñiz & Ana Galindo & Miguel Angel García, 2002. "Urban spatial structure and suburbanisation. The case of the Barcelona Metropolitan," Working Papers wp0202, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    7. Ivan Muñiz & Anna Galindo, 2001. "Estructura metropolitana y funciones de densidad residencial. El caso de la región metropolitana de Barcelona," Working Papers wp0103, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    8. Miguel Angel Garcia Lopez, 2001. "Distribución de la Actividad Económica y Estructura Urbana: El caso de la región metropolitana de Barcelona," Working Papers wp0119, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    9. Marlon G. Boarnet & Saksith Chalermpong & Elizabeth Geho, 2005. "Specification issues in models of population and employment growth," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 84(1), pages 21-46, March.
    10. Schmitt, Bertrand & Henry, Mark S., 2000. "Size and growth of urban centers in French labor market areas: consequences for rural population and employment," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 1-21, January.
    11. Bertrand Schmitt & Florence Goffette-Nagot, 2000. "Définir l'espace rural ? De la difficulté d'une définition conceptuelle à la nécessité d'une délimitation statistique," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 257(1), pages 42-55.

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