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The accessibility of European cities: theoretical framework and comparison of approaches

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  • F Bruinsma
  • P Rietveld

Abstract

A brief overview is given of the different approaches employed to measure the accessibility of cities. In addition, the results of seven studies on the accessibility of cities within Europe are compared. The comparison is focused on two aspects: the rankings of the cities as a result of the different conceptualizations and the type of infrastructure involved; and the equity in accessibility given the conceptualization and the type of infrastructure. When one is interested in a ranking of cities in terms of accessibility the choice of the accessibility concept tends to be less important than the choice of the type(s) of infrastructure to be considered. When one is interested in inequalities in accessibility among cities, operationalization appears to have a much larger impact compared with rankings per se.

Suggested Citation

  • F Bruinsma & P Rietveld, 1998. "The accessibility of European cities: theoretical framework and comparison of approaches," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(3), pages 499-521, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:30:y:1998:i:3:p:499-521
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    2. Piotr Rosik & Marcin Stepniak & Musial-Malagó, Monika, 2014. "- Road and railway potential accessibility of Poland in the European dimension," Working Papers 1403, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    3. Román, Concepción & Espino, Raquel & Martín, Juan Carlos, 2007. "Competition of high-speed train with air transport: The case of Madrid–Barcelona," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 277-284.
    4. Aura Reggiani & Juan Martín, 2011. "Guest Editorial: New Frontiers in Accessibility Modelling: An Introduction," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 577-580, December.
    5. Christos Evangelinos & Sebastian Ebert, 2011. "Zur Erreichbarkeit regional-ökonomischer Zentren: Die Messbarkeit verkehrlicher Anbindungsqualität," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 18(01), pages 33-39, February.
    6. Jasper Willigers, 2003. "High-speed railway developments and corporate location decisions. The role of accessibility," ERSA conference papers ersa03p61, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Elena Lopez & Emilio Ortega & Andrès Monzón, 2011. "Measuring territorial cohesion impacts of High-Speed Rail at different planning levels," ERSA conference papers ersa10p620, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Piotr Rosik & Marcin Stepniak & Musial-Malagó, Monika, 2014. "- Road and railway potential accessibility of Poland in the European dimension," Working Papers 14_3, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    9. Tóth, Géza & Kincses, Áron, 2015. "Accessibility Models Based On the Gravity Analogy: In Theory and Practice," MPRA Paper 73952, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Gutierez Puebla, Javier, 1999. "Accessibility impact of high-speed lines in peripheral regions: the case of the future line Madrid-Barcelona- Montpellier," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa291, European Regional Science Association.
    11. repec:exl:1trans:v:10:y:2015:i:3:p:87-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Chang, Stephanie E. & Nojima, Nobuoto, 2001. "Measuring post-disaster transportation system performance: the 1995 Kobe earthquake in comparative perspective," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 475-494, July.
    13. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:903-:d:137316 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Zhu, Weihua, 2009. "Design and Development of Novel Routing Methodologies for Dynamic Roadway Navigation Systems," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt8d72371n, University of California Transportation Center.
    15. Sellner, Richard & Nagl, Philipp, 2010. "Air accessibility and growth – The economic effects of a capacity expansion at Vienna International Airport," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 325-329.
    16. Salas-Olmedo, María Henar & García, Patricia & Gutiérrez, Javier, 2015. "Accessibility and transport infrastructure improvement assessment: The role of borders and multilateral resistance," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 110-129.
    17. Daniel Shefer, 2011. "The Center-periphery Dilemma and the Issue of Equity in Regional Development," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1192, European Regional Science Association.
    18. Guineng Chen & Marcos Correia & João de Abreu e Silva, 2015. "Accessibility Indicators for Regional Economic Development: An Application to the Regional Distributive Effects of High-Speed Rail in Spain," ERSA conference papers ersa15p393, European Regional Science Association.
    19. Condeço-Melhorado, Ana & Gutiérrez, Javier & García-Palomares, Juan Carlos, 2011. "Spatial impacts of road pricing: Accessibility, regional spillovers and territorial cohesion," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 185-203, March.
    20. Holl , Adelheid, 2013. "Firm location and productivity in Spain," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 25, pages 27-42.
    21. Or Levkovich & Jan Rouwendal & Ramona Marwijk, 2016. "The effects of highway development on housing prices," Transportation, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 379-405, March.

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