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Generalizing new industrial districts: a theoretical agenda and an application from a non-Western economy


  • S O Park
  • A Markusen


New industrial districts occur in a number of forms, some of which are not subsumable under the flexibly specialized, locally embedded, and endogenously driven model based on the Italian case. In this paper, we critique the industrial districts literature, focusing on the role of the state, interdistrict mobility of labor, nonlocal externalities, and non-place embeddedness in district formation and character. We introduce the notion of the satellite industrial district, comprised of branch operations of nonlocally based corporations, as an example of a rapidly growing industrial district distinct from Marshallian and Italianate forms, and argue with evidence from South Korea that these types of districts may predominate, especially in developing countries.

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  • S O Park & A Markusen, 1995. "Generalizing new industrial districts: a theoretical agenda and an application from a non-Western economy," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(1), pages 81-104, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:27:y:1995:i:1:p:81-104

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    Cited by:

    1. Adams, Stephen B., 2011. "Growing where you are planted: Exogenous firms and the seeding of Silicon Valley," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 368-379, April.
    2. Edward Feser & Edward Bergman, 2000. "National Industry Cluster Templates: A Framework for Applied Regional Cluster Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 1-19.
    3. Clélio Campolina Diniz & Mohamad Razavi, 1995. "High technology and new industrial areas in Brazil: the development of São José dos Campos and Campinas cities," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG 094, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    4. Benner, Maximilian, 2009. "What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies," MPRA Paper 43848, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.
    5. Fromhold-Eisebith Martina, 2001. "Verfehlte Ansätze, verpasste Chancen," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, De Gruyter, vol. 45(1), pages 15-30, October.

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