The technopoles of Southern California
The paper opens with a brief identification of California's pathway (via flexible production organization) to industrialization and regional growth. The emergence of the aircraft industry in the region during the 1920s and 1930s is described. The formation of the postwar aerospace-electronics industry is then discussed in detail. The geography of Southern California's contemporary technopoles (high-technology industrial districts) is outlined, with a particular emphasis on the aircraft, electronics, biotechnology, and medical-device industries. The functional role of interfirm linkages and local labor markets in the high- technology industrial development of Southern California is analyzed. The paper ends with a few brief allusions to the strengths and vulnerabilities of high-technology industry in the region.
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