Log-linear models with dependent spatial data
Log-linear models are an appropriate means of determining the magnitude and direction of interactions between categorical variables that in common with other statistical models assume independent observations. Spatial data are often dependent rather than independent and thus the analysis of spatial data by log-linear models may erroneously detect interactions between variables that are spurious and are the consequence of pairwise correlations between observations. A procedure is described in this paper to accommodate these effects that requires only very minimal assumptions about the nature of the autocorrelation process given systematic sampling at intersection points on a square lattice.
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