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Border effects in European public procurement

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  • Benedikt Herz
  • Xosé-Luís Varela-Irimia

Abstract

In this paper, we document border effects in the award of public contracts in the European single market. We use a dataset of 1.8 million contract awards, which we match to geolocations to estimate a gravity model of procurement flows between European NUTS3 region pairs. We find very sizable cross-national border effects for all types of goods and services, even after controlling for physical distance, currency, cultural differences and other variables. For example, ‘local’ bidders for IT services contracts are almost 250 times more likely to be awarded a contract than ‘foreign’ bidders. More surprisingly, we find substantial cross-regional border effects within countries. While we document that firms’ bidding decisions are subject to border effects, we cannot exclude a home bias of contracting authorities in the award of public contracts.

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  • Benedikt Herz & Xosé-Luís Varela-Irimia, 0. "Border effects in European public procurement," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(6), pages 1359-1405.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:20:y::i:6:p:1359-1405.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marta Santamaría & Jaume Ventura & Uğur Yeşilbayraktar, 2020. "Borders within Europe," Economics Working Papers 1763, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised May 2021.
    2. Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa, 2018. "Government procurement: data, trends and protectionist tendencies," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2018-3, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
    3. Alen Mulabdic & Lorenzo Rotunno, 2021. "Trade barriers in government procurement," Working Papers halshs-03191482, HAL.
    4. Bedri Kamil Onur Tas, 2020. "Effect of public procurement regulation on competition and cost-effectiveness," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 59-77, August.
    5. Tamminen, Saara & Niemi, Janne & Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina, 2017. "The expected economic impacts of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement in Finland," Research Reports 187, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Santamaria, Marta & Ventura, Jaume & Yesilbayraktar, Ugur, 2021. "Borders within Europe," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 560, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
    7. Marta Santamaría & Jaume Ventura & Ugur Yesilbayraktar, 2020. "Borders within Europe," Working Papers 1229, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    8. Santamaría, Marta & Ventura, Jaume & Yesilbayraktar, Ugur, 2021. "Borders within Europe," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 1355, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public procurement; public contract; border effect; gravity model; European Union;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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