IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/onb/oenbmp/y2006i4b5.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Revised and New Competitiveness Indicators for Austria Reflect Improvement Trend since EMU Accession

Author

Listed:
  • Walpurga Köhler-Töglhofer

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Economic Analysis Division)

  • Christa Magerl

    () (Austrian Institute of Economic Research)

  • Peter Mooslechner

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank)

Abstract

Maintaining and improving competitiveness is one key goal of economic policy. In the short run, it is primarily price and cost developments as well as exchange rate changes that have the biggest impact on the development of an economy’s competitiveness. The competitiveness of Austrian manufacturing exporters has continued to augment since the country’s entry into Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) – this has been confirmed by the 2006 revision of the price competitiveness indicator for Austria (deflated by the (Harmonised) Index of Consumer Prices – HICP/CPI) and even more so by the new cost competitiveness indicator (deflated by relative unit labor costs) launched in this context. The marked improvement of the cost competitiveness indicator in recent years reflects moderate wage policies coupled with comparatively solid productivity growth in the Austrian manufacturing sector. The lower gain measured by the price competitiveness indicator may be linked to the fact that the HICP/CPI was broadly driven by oil price developments in 2004 and 2005, which masked the favorable unit labor cost developments in the manufacturing industry. Contrary to the development in the manufacturing sector, the price competitiveness in Austria’s travel and tourism sector has deteriorated somewhat: Even though price developments in Austria were more favorable than in the competition markets, they did not wholly offset losses in competitiveness related to exchange rate developments.

Suggested Citation

  • Walpurga Köhler-Töglhofer & Christa Magerl & Peter Mooslechner, 2006. "Revised and New Competitiveness Indicators for Austria Reflect Improvement Trend since EMU Accession," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 4, pages 70-97.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2006:i:4:b:5
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.oenb.at/dam/jcr:b198ad0d-b775-4a4b-850c-57a004a5a493/mop_2006_4_05_tcm16-52026.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lafrance, Robert & Osakwe, Patrick & St-Amant, Pierre, 1998. "Evaluating Alternative Measures of the Real Effective Exchange Rate," Staff Working Papers 98-20, Bank of Canada.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Effective exchange rates; Price and cost competitiveness; Manufacturing and service sector;

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2006:i:4:b:5. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Claudia Kwapil). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/oenbbat.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.