The Use of Cost—Benefit Analysis for Evaluating Efficiency of Public Investment Projects
(The Case of Sochi-2014 Winter Olympic Games) The paper analyzes shortcomings of economic impact studies based mainly on input— output models that are often employed in Russia as well as abroad. Using studies about sport events in the USA and Olympic Games that took place during the last 30 years we reveal advantages of the cost—benefit analysis approach in obtaining unbiased assessments of public investments’ efficiency; the step-by-step method of cost—benefit analysis is presented in the paper as well. We employ the project of Sochi-2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games in Russia to evaluate its efficiency using cost—benefit analysis for five accounts (areas of impact), namely government, households, environment, economic development, and social development, and calculate the net present value of the project taking into account its possible alternatives. In conclusion we suggest several policy directions that would enhance public investment efficiency within the Sochi-2014 Olympics.
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