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Informal Workers in the Russian Economy: Who Are They and How Many?


  • A. ZUDINA.


The paper discusses the evolution of the informal employment in the Russian labor market over the last decade. It uses all consecutive waves of the Labor Force Survey conducted by the Russian Federal State Statistics Service in 1999—2009. Looking inside the informality and tracing its evolution over time, we pay special attention to heterogeneity of the informal employment and distinguish salaried informal workers and informal self-employed as two major informal groups. Simple descriptive analysis is complemented by estimating marginal effects from multinomial logit regressions. Additionally, we use cross-section estimates of informality for all Russian regions for 1999—2009 and build a new hand-made panel database with regions as observations.

Suggested Citation

  • V. Gimpelson & A. Zudina., 2011. "Informal Workers in the Russian Economy: Who Are They and How Many?," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 10.
  • Handle: RePEc:nos:voprec:2011-10-4

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    Cited by:

    1. Grishina, Elena (Гришина, Елена) & Dormidontova, Yulia (Дормидонтова, Юлия) & Lyashok, Victor (Ляшок, Виктор) & Burdyak, Alexandra (Бурдяк, Александра) & Kazakova, Yuliya (Казакова, Юлия) & Tsatsura (, 2015. "Effect of Labor and Retirement Behavior of the Population in the Long-Term Sustainability of the Pension System in the Russian Federation and the Reduction of Risks of Deprivational Poverty Among the ," Published Papers mn4, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    2. H. Lehmann & A. Zaiceva, 2013. "Informal Employment in Russia: Incidence, Determinants and Labor Market Segmentation," Working Papers wp903, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    3. Aistov, Andrey & Larin, Alexander & Leonova, Lyudmila, 2012. "Informal employment and happiness: Model with endogenous regressors," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 26(2), pages 17-36.
    4. Hartmut Lehmann & Anzelika Zaiceva, 2013. "Informal Employment in Russia: Definitions, Incidence, Determinants and Labour Market Segmentation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1098, OECD Publishing.
    5. Lehmann, Hartmut & Zaiceva, Anzelika, 2013. "Re-defining Informal Employment and Measuring its Determinants: Evidence from Russia," IZA Discussion Papers 7844, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. repec:ris:apltrx:0316 is not listed on IDEAS

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