The Role of Statistics in the Debate on Science, Technology, and Innovation
Rapid progress of science and technology after the WWII and their consecutive integration into economic and social processes went side by side with the growing understanding of the need for sophisticated state regulation of the resources allocated for augmentation of knowledge and evaluation of societal impacts of scientific experiments. Since then, statistics turned out to be one of the instruments that allowed developing standardized measurement of science and technology in terms of R&D inputs and outputs in relation with the innovation processes and economic growth. Through a system of economic indicators statistics provided essential data for decision making. Using the example of international conventions, formulated around STI measurement, the article shows how the role of statistics changes from simple registration of facts to active participation in public discussions on STI issues and integration in international strategic documents.
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