IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Does Corporate Capital Structure influence Corporate Financial Performance in Developing Economies? Evidence from East African Stock Markets

Listed author(s):
  • Erick Lusekelo Mwambuli
Registered author(s):

    This paper examines the statistically significant influence which capital structure has had on corporate financial performance of listed non-financial companies in East African stock markets. It used panel data of 272 observations including 34 East African non-financial listed firms listed in East African stock markets such as Dar Es Salaam Stock Market (DSE), Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) and Uganda Securities Exchange (USE) for a period of 8 years {i.e. 2006-2013}.Using the Panel Corrected Standard Errors (PCSEs) and Fixed Effect (FE),the study formulated two (2) econometric models with return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE) as dependent variables and measures of corporate financial performance respectively, three (3) independent variables such as short term debt ratio (STDR),long term debt ratio (LTDR) and total debt ratio (TDR) as a measure of capital structure, furthermore the study used size of the firm (SIZ) as a control variable in order to control the differences in firm¡¯s operating environment. The result indicate that capital structure has a negative and statistically significant influence on East African listed firm¡¯s financial performance at 5% significance level. These results show that in average profitable listed firms in East African prefers to use internal source of financing in their capital structure as compared to external source of financing {like Debts-STDR,LTDR and TDR} and this results are supporting pecking order theory. Lastly the study recommends to corporate financial managers of East African non-financial listed firms should reduce financing their operations and growth by debt (STDR,LTDR and TDR) on their capital structure in order to enhance their corporate financial performance, regulatory authorities in East African region such as East African member states securities regulatory authority (EASRA) to formulate policies that will improving of financial markets in the region in order to reduce the cost of debt, further research could examine the influence {if any} of capital structure on sector wise (as per industry-like Manufacturing firms) for East African non-financial listed firms, take into account more control variables which are likely to influence financial performance such as macroeconomic variables (like gross domestic product - GDP) and consider other capital structure theories like ,market timing theory, agency theory which were not considered in our study.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Macrothink Institute in its journal International Finance and Banking.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2016)
    Issue (Month): 1 (June)
    Pages: 97-123

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:mth:ifb888:v:3:y:2016:i:1:p:97-123
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. David Smith & Jianguo Chen & Hamish Anderson, 2012. "The relationship between capital structure and product markets: evidence from New Zealand," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 1-24, January.
    2. Patrik Bauer, 2004. "Determinants of Capital Structure: Empirical Evidence from the Czech Republic," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 54(1-2), pages 2-21, January.
    3. Majumdar, Sumit K & Chhibber, Pradeep, 1999. "Capital Structure and Performance: Evidence from a Transition Economy on an Aspect of Corporate Governance," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(3-4), pages 287-305, March.
    4. Mihaela Dragota & Andreea Semenescu, 2008. "A Dynamic Analysis of Capital Structure Determinants. Empirical Results for Romanian Capital Market," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 4(4(521)), pages 65-80, April.
    5. Konstantinos Tzioumis & Leora F. Klapper, 2012. "Taxation and Capital Structure: Evidence from a Transition Economy," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 68(2), pages 165-190, June.
    6. Michaelas, Nicos & Chittenden, Francis & Poutziouris, Panikkos, 1999. "Financial Policy and Capital Structure Choice in U.K. SMEs: Empirical Evidence from Company Panel Data," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 113-130, March.
    7. Fu-Min Chang & Yale Wang & Nicholas Rueilin Lee & Duong Thu La, 2014. "Capital Structure Decisions and Firm Performance of Vietnamese Soes," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(11), pages 1545-1563, November.
    8. Dianne M. Roden & Wilbur G. Lewellen, 1995. "Corporate Capital Structure Decisions: Evidence from Leveraged Buyouts," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 24(2), Summer.
    9. Margaritis, Dimitris & Psillaki, Maria, 2010. "Capital structure, equity ownership and firm performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 621-632, March.
    10. Petersen, Mitchell A & Rajan, Raghuram G, 1994. " The Benefits of Lending Relationships: Evidence from Small Business Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(1), pages 3-37, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mth:ifb888:v:3:y:2016:i:1:p:97-123. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Technical Support Office)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.