Urgent Problems in Planning the Reproduction of Natural Resources
The Directives of the Twenty-Fourth Congress of the CPSU on the Five-Year Plan for the Development of the USSR National Economy for 1971-1975 pointed out the necessity for the scientific elaboration of the problems entailed in making rational use of nature. Here an important place belongs to the reproduction of natural resources. Its significance goes far beyond the boundaries of individual countries and continues to mount as natural wealth is consumed and as the environment becomes polluted. The present scale of the use of nature is in no way comparable with the scale, e.g., at the beginning of the twentieth century and is rising at a rate that far exceeds the rate of population growth. During 1900-1970, for example, the world's consumption of energy resources increased 7.8 fold, of which: oil â 101 fold and gas â 161 fold. (>u>1>/u>) The planet's population, on the other hand, has increased 2.3 fold during this time. According to certain estimates, the population will increase by approximately 70% by the year 2000 (>u>2>/u>), whereas energy consumption will increase 3.5-5 fold and will amount to 26-30 billion tons. The expenditure of fuel during the twentieth century will be more than triple the energy expenditure during the entire previous history of mankind, and moreover, more than half of this expenditure will be during the last quarter century.
Volume (Year): 16 (1973)
Issue (Month): 7 (November)
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