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Crecimiento económico y calidad medioambiental

  • Mª del Pilar Martínez García

    (Universidad de Murcia)

  • Mª del Mar Sánchez de la Vega

    (Universidad de Murcia)

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    En este trabajo presentamos un modelo de crecimiento económico y contaminación, que incorpora un sector de investigación en tecnologías menos contaminantes. Además, a diferencia de otros modelos propuestos en este contexto, incluye la posibilidad de destinar parte del capital existente a la mejora del medio ambiente. El modelo se formula como un problema de control óptimo. En una economía centralizada, se determinan las condiciones necesarias y suficientes que ha de cumplir una solución óptima, y se establece la existencia de dicha solución. Se analiza además, una economía descentralizada, con diferentes agentes (consumidores y productores) que actúan de forma óptima según sus intereses. En esta situación, se determina cómo debe ser la actuación del gobierno para que, con el funcionamiento normal de una economía de mercado, se alcance el óptimo social, correspondiente al problema anterior. We analyze a model of economig growth with stock of pollution that incorporates pollution-augmenting technological, change, and include also the possibility of investing part of the capital stock in the environment recovering. The models is formulated as an optimal control problem. In a centralized economy, we find the necessary and sufficient conditions for an optimal solution, and the existence of this solution is established. We analyze also a descentralized economy, with different agents (consumers and producers) optimally operating, in accordance with their own interests. In this situation we study the way in which government should work to achieve, with the normal behaviour of a market economy, the social optimum, corresponding to the previous problem.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 9 (1998)
    Issue (Month): (Junio)
    Pages: 103-118

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:9_2_6
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    1. Sjak Smulders, 1995. "Entropy, environment, and endogenous economic growth," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 319-340, August.
    2. Tahvonen Olli & Kuuluvainen Jari, 1993. "Economic Growth, Pollution, and Renewable Resources," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 101-118, March.
    3. Dasgupta, Partha, 1996. "The economics of the environment," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(04), pages 387-428, October.
    4. Bovenberg, A.L. & Smulders, J.A., 1995. "Environmental quality and pollution-augmenting technological change in a two-sector endogenous growth model," Other publications TiSEM 6784bb12-71fb-45a5-bf7e-8, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    5. Russell W. Pittman, 1981. "Issue in Pollution Control: Interplant Cost Differences and Economies of Scale," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 57(1), pages 1-17.
    6. Gottinger, Hans W., 1992. "Optimal economic growth when CO2 constraints are critical," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 192-199, July.
    7. Smulders, J.A. & Gradus, R.H.J.M., 1993. "The trade-off between environmental care and long-term growth : Pollution in three proto-type growth models," Other publications TiSEM f3ec6de7-f996-4ac0-b872-0, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    8. Oleg Eismont, 1994. "Economic growth with environmental damage and technical progress," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(3), pages 241-249, June.
    9. Tahvonen, Olli & Kuuluvainen, Jari, 1991. "Optimal growth with renewable resources and pollution," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(2-3), pages 650-661, April.
    10. Forster, B A, 1973. "Optimal Consumption Planning in a Polluted Environment," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 49(128), pages 534-45, December.
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