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Economías externas de aglomeración: competitividad y redes locales en el sector de la máquina-herramienta


  • Beatriz Plaza Inchausti

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad del País Vasco.)


El endurecimiento de las condiciones de competencia en el comercio internacional favorece la configuración de grandes empresas. Existen, sin embargo, empresas competitivas en zonas de desarrollo intermedio, (empresas que no son necesariamente de gran tamaño), apoyadas en las REDES LOCALES. A éstas hacemos referencia en este artículo. Para ello hemos realizado un estudio cuantitativo de las empresas situaadas en la comarca de Eibar-Elgoibar-Deba-Motrico. Esta zona alberga aproximadamente el 45% de la industria de Máquina-Herramienta española, y resulta además relevante para el estudio de los SISTEMAS LOCALES, objetivo de este trabajo. International trade is an interesting subject which embraces both the development of individual industries and the changes in international competition. Some entreprises find support for their own size. Other little ones, on the contrary, have found support in their LOCAL NETS. As the different aspects of Local Nets, which could be subjected to scrutiny are many and various, we shall confine ourselves to analysing the machine tools entreprises stablished in Eibar-Elgoibar-Deba-Motrico. This area concentrates almost 45% of the Spanish machine tools industry, and is relevant for our analysis of Local Systems and endogenous development models.

Suggested Citation

  • Beatriz Plaza Inchausti, 1995. "Economías externas de aglomeración: competitividad y redes locales en el sector de la máquina-herramienta," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 3, pages 115-132, Junio.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:3_2_6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
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    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L61 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics


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