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Análisis multidimensional de la desigualdad en el marco del desarrollo humano/Multidimensional Analysis of Inequality under the Human Development Framework

  • JORDÁ , VANESA

    ()

    (Universidad de Cantabria, Facultad CC.EE., Avenida de los Castros, s/n., 39005 Santander, España.)

  • TRUEBA, CARMEN

    ()

    (Universidad de Cantabria, Facultad CC.EE., Avenida de los Castros, s/n., 39005 Santander, España.)

  • SARABIA, JOSE MARIA

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Cantabria.)

En este trabajo se trata de contribuir al estudio de la desigualdad en el bienestar, concebido como un proceso multidimensional, analizando la desigualdad entre países en términos del Índice de Desarrollo Humano (IDH). El estudio se aborda a partir de dos enfoques metodológicos alternativos basados en los índices de entropía generalizada. Nuestros resultados ponen de manifiesto que, tanto en las tres dimensiones del desarrollo como en indicadores compuestos de estas componentes, se ha producido una disminución de la desigualdad a nivel mundial en el periodo 1980-2011. La descomposición de estas medidas en los componentes interregional e intrarregional revelan que la disminución de la desigualdad en el bienestar es debida principalmente a la disminución de la desigualdad entre regiones. In this work we contribute to the study of well-being inequality conceived as a multidimensional process, analyzing inequality across countries in terms of the Human Development Index (HDI). To that end, we consider two alterna¬tive approaches based on the use of generalized entropy measures. Our results point out a reduction of inequality in the three dimensions considered by the HDI as well as in composite indicators of these components over the period 1980-2011. The decomposition of this type of inequality measures in two components, between-regions and within-regions, reveals that the fall of overall disparities is mainly driven by the decrease in inequality between regions.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 32 (2014)
Issue (Month): (Mayo)
Pages: 765-788

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:32_2_12
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