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Desempleo y salud: Un análisis de la repercusión de la crisis económica sobre la salud de los españoles/Unemployment and Health: An Analysis of the Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Health of the Spanish Population

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  • URBANOS-GARRIDO, ROSA M.

    () (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad CC.EE., Campus de Somosaguas, s/n, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid), España.)

  • GONZALEZ LOPEZ-VALCARCEL, BEATRIZ

    () (Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos. Universidad de Las palmas de Gran Canaria. Faculta de Economicas. Campus Universitario de Tarifa 35017. 928 451 800)

Abstract

En este trabajo se exploran las consecuencias de la crisis económica sobre la salud de los adultos españoles con especial énfasis en los efectos del desempleo, a partir del modelo conceptual de Dahlgren y Whitehead. Se analizan microdatos longitudinales de la Encuesta de Condiciones de Vida (ECV) 2006 a 2011 y los microdatos transversales de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España (ENSE) 2011-12, empleando modelos econométricos para explicar el nivel de salud física y mental de los individuos y sus cambios cuando varían los ingresos y la situación laboral. Los análisis de la ECV concluyen que si bien las condiciones de la vivienda y las proxies de necesidades cubiertas influ¬yen significativamente en la salud autovalorada, ni las variaciones en la renta individual ni el paso desde la situación de empleo a estar parado tienen una influencia significativa. Los modelos basados en datos de la ENSE, por el contrario, concluyen que estar parado, una vez se controla por el resto de determinantes de la salud, tiene un impacto negativo particularmente importante sobre la salud mental y más fuerte cuanto más tiempo dura el desempleo. In this paper we explore the consequences of the economic crisis on the Spanish adult health with special emphasis on the effects of unemployment. We use the conceptual model of Dahlgren and Whitehead. We analyze longitudinal microdata from the Survey of Living Conditions (ECV) 2006-2011 and cross-sectional microdata from the National Health Survey of Spain (ENSE) 2011-12, using econometric models to explain the level of physical and mental health of individuals and their changes when varying income and employment status. Our analysis of ECV concludes that while the housing conditions and needs met proxies significantly influence self-assessed health, neither variations in individual income or the shift from employment to unemployment have a significant influence. Models based on data from the ENSE, however, conclude that after controlling for other determinants of health, unemployment has a significant negative impact on physical and mental health, and that impact is stronger the longer unemployment lasts.

Suggested Citation

  • Urbanos-Garrido, Rosa M. & Gonzalez Lopez-Valcarcel, Beatriz, 2013. "Desempleo y salud: Un análisis de la repercusión de la crisis económica sobre la salud de los españoles/Unemployment and Health: An Analysis of the Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Health of the S," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 31, pages 303-326, Septiembr.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:31_2_5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    12. repec:bfi:wpaper:2013-001 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desempleo; salud; modelos microeconométricos; crisis económica ; Unemployment; Health; Micreoeconometric Models; Economic Crisis.;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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