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Desempleo y salud: Un análisis de la repercusión de la crisis económica sobre la salud de los españoles/Unemployment and Health: An Analysis of the Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Health of the Spanish Population

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    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad CC.EE., Campus de Somosaguas, s/n, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid), España.)



    (Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos. Universidad de Las palmas de Gran Canaria. Faculta de Economicas. Campus Universitario de Tarifa 35017. 928 451 800)

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    En este trabajo se exploran las consecuencias de la crisis económica sobre la salud de los adultos españoles con especial énfasis en los efectos del desempleo, a partir del modelo conceptual de Dahlgren y Whitehead. Se analizan microdatos longitudinales de la Encuesta de Condiciones de Vida (ECV) 2006 a 2011 y los microdatos transversales de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España (ENSE) 2011-12, empleando modelos econométricos para explicar el nivel de salud física y mental de los individuos y sus cambios cuando varían los ingresos y la situación laboral. Los análisis de la ECV concluyen que si bien las condiciones de la vivienda y las proxies de necesidades cubiertas influ¬yen significativamente en la salud autovalorada, ni las variaciones en la renta individual ni el paso desde la situación de empleo a estar parado tienen una influencia significativa. Los modelos basados en datos de la ENSE, por el contrario, concluyen que estar parado, una vez se controla por el resto de determinantes de la salud, tiene un impacto negativo particularmente importante sobre la salud mental y más fuerte cuanto más tiempo dura el desempleo. In this paper we explore the consequences of the economic crisis on the Spanish adult health with special emphasis on the effects of unemployment. We use the conceptual model of Dahlgren and Whitehead. We analyze longitudinal microdata from the Survey of Living Conditions (ECV) 2006-2011 and cross-sectional microdata from the National Health Survey of Spain (ENSE) 2011-12, using econometric models to explain the level of physical and mental health of individuals and their changes when varying income and employment status. Our analysis of ECV concludes that while the housing conditions and needs met proxies significantly influence self-assessed health, neither variations in individual income or the shift from employment to unemployment have a significant influence. Models based on data from the ENSE, however, conclude that after controlling for other determinants of health, unemployment has a significant negative impact on physical and mental health, and that impact is stronger the longer unemployment lasts.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 31 (2013)
    Issue (Month): (Septiembre)
    Pages: 303-326

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:31_2_5
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    Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN

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    1. Stewart, Jennifer M., 2001. "The impact of health status on the duration of unemployment spells and the implications for studies of the impact of unemployment on health status," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 781-796, September.
    2. Mossakowski, Krysia N., 2008. "Is the duration of poverty and unemployment a risk factor for heavy drinking?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 67(6), pages 947-955, September.
    3. Boone, Jan & van Ours, Jan C., 2006. "Are recessions good for workplace safety?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1069-1093, November.
    4. Mark L. Egan & Casey B. Mulligan & Tomas J. Philipson, 2013. "Adjusting National Accounting for Health: Is the Business Cycle Countercyclical?," NBER Working Papers 19058, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Ruhm, Christopher J., 2006. "Deaths rise in good economic times: Evidence from the OECD," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 298-316, December.
    6. Christopher J. Ruhm, 2000. "Are Recessions Good for Your Health?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(2), pages 617-650.
    7. Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir & Hope Corman & Kelly Noonan & Þórhildur Ólafsdóttir & Nancy E. Reichman, 2012. "Are Recessions Good for Your Health Behaviors? Impacts of the Economic Crisis in Iceland," NBER Working Papers 18233, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Daniel Sullivan & Till von Wachter, 2009. "Job Displacement and Mortality: An Analysis Using Administrative Data," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 124(3), pages 1265-1306.
    9. Mai Dao & Prakash Loungani, 2010. "The Human Cost of Recessions; Assessing It, Reducing It," IMF Staff Position Notes 2010/17, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Petri Böckerman & Pekka Ilmakunnas, 2009. "Unemployment and self-assessed health: evidence from panel data," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(2), pages 161-179.
    11. Davies, Rhys & Jones, Paul & Nuñez, Imanol, 2009. "The impact of the business cycle on occupational injuries in the UK," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 178-182, July.
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