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Coste de las visitas médicas y urgencias asociadas al estrés laboral en España/Health Care Costs Due to Job Stress in Spain

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  • GONZÁLEZ ÁLVAREZ, Mª LUZ

    () (Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de CC.EE., Plaza El Ejido, s/n, 29071 Málaga, España.)

  • GAMERO-BURÓN, CARLOS

    () (Departamento de Estadística y Econometría. UNIVERSIDAD DE MÁLAGA.)

Abstract

El estrés laboral representa un grave problema para la salud de los trabajadores, las organizaciones y la sociedad. El objetivo de este trabajo es valorar los costes sanitarios que genera debidos al incremento de la utilización de asistencia sanitaria. Con las Encuestas Nacionales de Salud (2006/07 y 2011/12), se han aplicado métodos de propensity score matching y estimación microeconométrica para cuantificar las visitas al médico general, especialista y urgencias asociadas al estrés laboral. La valoración de tales visitas permite concluir que en 2006/07 el coste monetario asciende a 145,26 millones € debidos a las visitas al médico general y a urgencias. En 2011/12, representan 55,17 millones € provocados por las visitas a urgencias hospitalarias. Job stress is a serious problem for workers’ health, organizations and society. The aim of this paper is to assess the health care costs caused by the increase of health care services. Using the National Health Surveys (2006/07 and 2011/12), we have applied propensity score matching methods and microeconometric estimation in order to quantify the visits to general practitioner (GP), specialists and emergency visits due to job stress. In 2006/07 the assessment of these visits permits to conclude that the economic costs are 145.26 million € due to GP visits and emergency rooms. In 2011/12 the costs are 55.17 million € due to hospital emergencies.

Suggested Citation

  • González Álvarez, Mª Luz & Gamero-Burón, Carlos, 2013. "Coste de las visitas médicas y urgencias asociadas al estrés laboral en España/Health Care Costs Due to Job Stress in Spain," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 31, pages 417-444, Septiembr.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:31_2_4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Estrés laboral; utilización de asistencia sanitaria; propensity score matching; valoración de costes sanitarios ; Job Stress; Health Care Utilisation; Propensity Score Matching; Health Care Costs Assessment.;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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