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Identidad y legitimidad de la cooperación al desarrollo: El debate sobre la relación de la AOD con la pobreza y la desigualdad internacional/Identity and Legitimacy of Development Cooperation: The Debate on the Relationship between ODA, Poverty and International Inequality

  • UNCETA SATRUSTEGUI, KOLDO

    ()

    (Instituto Hegoa, UNIVERSIDAD DEL PAÍS VASCO (UPV/EHU), ESPAÑA.)

  • GUTIÉRREZ-GOIRIA, JORGE

    ()

    (Instituto Hegoa, UNIVERSIDAD DEL PAÍS VASCO (UPV/EHU), ESPAÑA.)

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    Los debates sobre la Ayuda Oficial al Desarrollo, su eficacia e interés no son nuevos, aunque la actual crisis haya aumentado la presión crítica en este sentido. En este contexto, es importante repasar el papel de la AOD -tradicionalmente asociado a la disminución de la pobreza y de la desigualdad internacional- para analizar tanto su relación con los cambios habidos en estas variables, como la posible influencia de todo ello en su propia identidad. Para ello, el trabajo examina en primer término la evolución del discurso sobre dichas cuestiones, para después ahondar en la escasa evidencia existente sobre la incidencia de la AOD en la evolución de las mismas durante el período 1990-2010. Discussions on Official Development Assistance, its effectiveness and interest are not new, but the current crisis has increased the critical pressure in this regard. In this context it is important to review the role of ODA -traditionally linked to the reduction of poverty and inequality- to analyze its relationship with the changes in these variables, and also the potential influence of this on its own identity. To do this, the work first examines the evolution of the discourse on these issues, and then analyzes the limited evidence on the impact of ODA in the evolution of these questions during the period 1990-2010.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 773-800

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:30_3_8
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    1. Jeffrey Sachs & Andrew M. Warner, 1995. "Economic Convergence and Economic Policies," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0035, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Gaurav Datt & Martin Ravallion, 2002. "Is India's Economic Growth Leaving the Poor Behind?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 89-108, Summer.
    3. Ravi Kanbur & Michael Spence, 2010. "Equity and Growth in a Globalizing World : Commission on Growth and Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2458.
    4. Hansen, Henrik & Tarp, Finn, 2001. "Aid and growth regressions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 547-570, April.
    5. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
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