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Decisiones laborales de las mujeres casadas o cohabitantes en España/Employment Decisions of Married or Cohabiting Women in Spain

  • DAVIA, MARÍA A.

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía Española e Internacional, Econometría, Historia e Instituciones Económicas, UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA, ESPAÑA.)

  • LEGAZPE, NURIA

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía Española e Internacional, Econometría, Historia e Instituciones Económicas, UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA, ESPAÑA.)

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    El objetivo del presente trabajo de investigación es analizar los determinantes de las decisiones de participación laboral (entradas y salidas en la ocupación) de las mujeres casadas o cohabitantes en España nacidas entre 1961 y 1980. Para alcanzar este objetivo se ha explotado la Encuesta de Fecundidad, Familia y Valores 2006. La estrategia empírica ha consistido en distintos modelos de probabilidad en tiempo discreto utilizando la aplicación que Meyer (1990) propone del modelo Prentice-Gloeckler (1978) con control por la heterogeneidad inobservada. Los resultados muestran, entre otros detalles, que las mujeres con mayor nivel educativo y las de cohortes más jóvenes tienen mayor probabilidad de incorporarse al mercado de trabajo después del matrimonio, y la presencia de hijos pequeños es un gran determinante del abandono de la ocupación por parte de las mujeres. The aim of this paper is to analyse the determinants of employment decisions (entry and exit from employment) of married or cohabiting women in Spain. We use the Fertility, Family and Values Survey of 2006, conducted by the Sociological Research Centre in 2006. The econometric technique deployed consists in different discrete-time dura¬tion models using Meyer’s application (Meyer, 1990) to Prentice-Gloeckler model (1978) that enables control for unobserved heterogeneity. The results show, among other things, that highly educated women and women from more recent cohorts are more likely to (re-)enter the labour market after marriage. Mothers of small children are more likely to exit employment than non-mothers.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 1065 (22pags.)

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:30_3_4
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    1. Arleen Leibowitz & Jacob Alex Klerman & Linda J. Waite, 1992. "Employment of New Mothers and Child Care Choice: Differences by Children's Age," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 112-133.
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    13. Dex, Shirley, et al, 1998. "Women's Employment Transitions around Child Bearing," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 60(1), pages 79-98, February.
    14. J. Emery & Ana Ferrer, 2009. "Marriage market imbalances and labor force participation of Canadian women," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 43-57, March.
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    16. Jacob Alex Klerman & Arleen Leibowitz, 1994. "The Work-Employment Distinction among New Mothers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 277-303.
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