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Estimación de la función de distribución y cuantiles en la población de pobres/Estimation of the Distribution Function and Quantiles for the Population of Poor

Listed author(s):


    (Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa, UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA, ESPAÑA.)



    (Departamento de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, UNIVERSIDAD DE JAÉN, ESPAÑA.)



    (Departamento de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, UNIVERSIDAD DE JAÉN, ESPAÑA.)

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    La línea o umbral de pobreza es un indicador económico que permite clasificar a los individuos de una población como pobres o no. Los estudios del fenómeno de la pobreza prestan especial atención a la población de pobres, midiendo a partir de distintos indicadores la distribución y la intensidad de los pobres. Tales indicadores están basa¬dos en su mayoría en la función de distribución y en cuantiles. En este trabajo se plantea la estimación de estos parámetros en la población de pobres, y los estimadores presentados se evalúan numéricamente mediante estudios de simulación Monte Carlo y con datos extraídos de la Encuesta de Presupuestos Familiares. The poverty line is an economic indicator that divides a population into poor and non poor. Studies about poverty are highly interested on the population of poor, hence they measure the distribution and intensity of the poor through different indicators. Such indicators are generally based upon the distribution function and quantiles. Assuming an arbitrary sampling design, the estimation of the previous parameters is discussed in this paper. Proposed estimators are numerically evaluated via Monte Carlo simulation studies and using data extracted from the Spanish Household Panel Survey.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 1063(26.)-1063(26.)

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:30_3_3
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    Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN

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    1. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-764, July.
    2. Carlos Gradín (a) & Olga Cantó & Coral del Río, "undated". "Inequality, Poverty And Mobility: Choosing Income Or Consumption As Welfare Indicators," Working Papers 18-04 Classification-JEL , Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
    3. Jacques Silber, 2007. "Measuring Poverty: Taking a Multidimensional Perspective," Working Papers 2007-14, FEDEA.
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