Glass Ceiling or Slippery Floors? Understanding Gender Differences in the Spanish Worker’s Compensation System/¿Techo de cristal o suelo resbaladizo? Comprendiendo las diferencias de género en el sistema de indemnización por accidente
The main goal of this paper is to analyse gender differences in the Spanish workplace accident insurance or worker’s compensation (WC) system. More specifically, we are interested in understanding the differences between female and male employees in the duration of the recovery spell after a workplace accident. This will provide us with a better comprehension of the distinct opportunistic behaviour carried by men and women causing absenteeism. Our results show that women who are occupied in low-responsibility jobs experience unjustified longer periods of recovery than men. But, as the occupational ladder is climbed this pattern tends to disappear and, what is more striking, on top of the ladder women are found to be more job-committed than men. Besides, business cycle seems to have a greater effect on women than men. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar las diferencias de género asociadas al seguro por accidente de trabajo o al sistema español de indemnización a los trabajadores. Más específicamente, estamos interesados en entender las diferencias en el tiempo de recuperación después de un accidente de trabajo entre hombres y mujeres. Con ello conseguimos un conocimiento mejor de la conducta oportunista que genera el absentismo laboral. Los resultados muestran que las mujeres que ocupan puestos de trabajo de menor responsabilidad experimentan periodos injus-tificados de recuperación más prolongados que los hombres. Pero, según ascendemos en la escala ocupacional este comportamiento tiende a desaparecer y, lo que es más significativo, en la parte superior de la escala ocupacional las mujeres se encuentran más comprometidas con el trabajo que los hombres. Además, el ciclo económico parece tener un mayor efecto sobre el tiempo de recuperación de las mujeres que de los hombres.
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Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
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