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Efficiency and Seasonality in the Balearic Hospitality Industry/Eficiencia y estacionalidad en la industria hotelera balear

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  • RIERA FONT, ANTONI

    () (Centre de Recerca Econòmica (UIB • SA NOSTRA). Departament d’Economia Aplicada, UNIVERSITAT DE LES ILLES BALEARS, ESPAÑA.)

  • RIPOLL PENALVA, AINA M.

    () (Centre de Recerca Econòmica (UIB • SA NOSTRA), ESPAÑA.)

  • JUANEDA SAMPOL, CATALINA N.

    () (Departament d’Economia Aplicada, UNIVERSITAT DE LES ILLES BALEARS, ESPAÑA.)

Abstract

Efficiency is one of the most decisive factors in an industry’s productivity and competitiveness. However, Spanish and international economic literature has given little attention to measuring efficiency in some fields of activity, like the lodging industry due to the intangible nature of its services. The aim of this paper is to measure the technical efficiency of a sample of fifty mid-range Balearic tourist accommodation units specializing in the sun and sand market using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and to explain observed differences in the results according to seasonal patterns in tourism activities and other characteristics of the accommodation units. La eficiencia es uno de los factores que incide de forma más decisiva sobre las ganancias de productividad y competitividad de una industria. Sin embargo, en algunos segmentos de actividad, como el de la hostelería, la medición de la eficiencia ha sido escasamente tratada por la literatura económica aplicada, tanto a nivel nacional como internacional, debido, en gran medida, al carácter intangible de las actividades de servicios. En este contexto, el presente trabajo tiene como objetivo medir la eficiencia técnica de una muestra de cincuenta establecimientos de alojamiento turístico de las Islas Baleares, a partir de la aplicación del analisis envolvente de datos (DEA) y explicar las diferencias observadas en los resultados de acuerdo al patrón estacional de la actividad turisitica y a otras características de los establecimientos de alojamiento considerados.

Suggested Citation

  • Riera Font, Antoni & Ripoll Penalva, Aina M. & Juaneda Sampol, Catalina N., 2011. "Efficiency and Seasonality in the Balearic Hospitality Industry/Eficiencia y estacionalidad en la industria hotelera balear," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 845-862, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_3_9
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Léopold Simar & Paul Wilson, 2000. "Statistical Inference in Nonparametric Frontier Models: The State of the Art," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 49-78, January.
    2. Gronroos, Christian & Ojasalo, Katri, 2004. "Service productivity: Towards a conceptualization of the transformation of inputs into economic results in services," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 57(4), pages 414-423, April.
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    Keywords

    Eficiencia; DEA; industria hotelera; estacionalidad ; Efficiency; Data Envelopment Analysis; Hospitality Industry; Seasonality.;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General

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