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Las energías renovables en la Curva de Kuznets Ambiental: Una aplicación para España/Renewable Energy in the Environmental Kuznets Curve: An Application to Spain

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  • CANTOS, JOSÉ Mª

    () (Departamento de Economía Política y Hacienda Pública, E.E. y P.E., UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA LA MANCHA, ESPAÑA.)

  • BALSALOBRE LORENTE, DANIEL

    () (Departamento de Economía Política y Hacienda Pública, E.E. y P.E., UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA LA MANCHA, ESPAÑA.)

Abstract

El objetivo de este estudio consiste en la verificación del cumplimiento de la relación en forma de U-invertida entre el crecimiento económico y el deterioro medioambiental (Curva de Kuznets Ambiental –CKA–) para España, compatible con la incorporación de un patrón de consumo energético que relaciona el consumo de energía renovable con el consumo de energía convencional. Los resultados obtenidos confirman que, junto al crecimiento económico y la desigualdad (estudiada a través de la incorporación al modelo del índice de GINI), la regulación gubernamental basada en la promoción de energías renovables ha contribuido de forma efectiva a la corrección del deterioro medioambiental. Una consecuencia es que son necesarias las políticas ambientales para que incentiven los procesos de innovación tecnológica tendentes a la reducción de los costes de producción. The aim of this study is the verification of compliance with Environmental Kuznets Curve for Spain, compatible with the addition of a pattern of energy consumption that links renewable energy consumption and conventional energy consumption. The results confirm that, along with economic growth and inequality (studied by incorporating the model GINI index), government regulation based on the promotion of renewable energy has contributed effectively to the correction of environmental damage. Consequently, environmental policies are needed to encourage technological innovation processes aimed at reducing production costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Cantos, José Mª & Balsalobre Lorente, Daniel, 2011. "Las energías renovables en la Curva de Kuznets Ambiental: Una aplicación para España/Renewable Energy in the Environmental Kuznets Curve: An Application to Spain," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 667(32.)-66, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_2_18
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Crecimiento; energías renovables; contaminación; políticas ambientales. ; Growth; Renewable Energy; Pollution; Environmental Policy..;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • O00 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - General - - - General
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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