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El precio de la electricidad y la política de cambio climático: ¿qué papel puede jugar un impuesto sobre el carbono en España? /The Price of Electricity and Climate Change Policy: What Role May a Carbon Tax Play in Spain?

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  • BUÑUEL GONZÁLEZ, MIGUEL

    () (Departamento de Economía y Hacienda Pública, UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID, ESPAÑA.)

Abstract

La política de cambio climático basada en las energías renovables es compatible con la reducción del déficit tarifario del sector eléctrico trasladando a los Presupuestos Generales las primas que subvencionan aquellas energías. Dicha política se potenciaría con un impuesto sobre el carbono, que podría generar una recaudación mayor que las primas al régimen especial eléctrico. La simulación del efecto sobre los precios sectoriales de este impuesto indica que, más allá del efecto directo sobre el precio de los combustibles, no se producirían grandes efectos inflacionistas, salvo en el sector eléctrico. No obstante, el resultado neto del impuesto y de que las primas al régimen especial dejaran de ser un coste del sistema eléctrico posiblemente sería una reducción de los precios de la electricidad. A climate change policy based on renewable energy is compatible with reducing the tariff deficit of the Spanish electricity sector if the feed-in tariffs that subsidize that kind of energy are paid by the National Budget. Climate change policy can also be enhanced by a carbon tax. This tax could raise revenue by an amount larger than feed-in tariffs. Our simulation of the effect of the carbon tax on sector prices shows that, besides the direct effect on the price of fuels, the only high price effect would occur in the electricity sector. However, the net effect of the tax and removing feed-in tariffs from the costs of the electricity system could probably lead to a reduction of electricity prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Buñuel González, Miguel, 2011. "El precio de la electricidad y la política de cambio climático: ¿qué papel puede jugar un impuesto sobre el carbono en España? /The Price of Electricity and Climate Change Policy: What Role May a Carb," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 663(18.)-66, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_2_16
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Impuesto sobre el carbono; cambio climático; déficit de tarifa; energías renovables ; Carbon Tax; Climate Change; Tariff Deficit; Renewable Energies.;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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