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La economía rural en Chile: entre la pobreza y el desarrollo/The Rural Economy in Chile: Between Poverty and Development

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  • OYARZUN MÉNDEZ, EDGARDO G.

    () (Instituto de Turismo, UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE, CHILE.)

  • MIRANDA ESCOLAR, BELEN

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Valladolid)

Abstract

El trabajo ofrece la visión de la economía rural chilena. Una realidad dicotómica que se mueve entre un medio rural diversificado (turismo, frutales, madera, pesca y vino, fundamentalmente), innovador, que exporta, dominado por empresas transnacionales, y la pequeña agricultura campesina, que se asocia con elevados índices de pobreza y que, en estos momentos, se encuentra ante un futuro incierto. Es hacia este sector de la población rural hacia donde deben dirigirse determinadas políticas de desarrollo encaminadas a lograr la reducción de la pobreza. The paper offers a view of rural economy in Chile. A dichotomical reality between a rural diversified sector (tourism, fruit trees, wood, fishing and wine, mainly), innovator, exporter, under control by transnational enterprises, and the short farming agriculture which shows high levels of poverty and it has an uncertain future at this moment. Specific development policies must be implemented to affect this kind of rural population and to reduce poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Oyarzun Méndez, Edgardo G. & Miranda Escolar, Belen, 2011. "La economía rural en Chile: entre la pobreza y el desarrollo/The Rural Economy in Chile: Between Poverty and Development," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 31-56, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_1_8
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    Keywords

    Desarrollo rural; pobreza; agricultura; turismo rural ; Rural development; poverty; agriculture; rural tourism.;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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