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Aplicación del análisis estructural de prospectiva al diseño de estrategias de desarrollo rural: el caso de la comarca de Jerez/An Application of the Prospective Structural Analysis to the Design of Rural Development Strategies: the Case of the Xerez County



    (Unidad de Cooperación Financiera Reembolsable (Programa AECID – FIIAPP), Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional al Desarrrollo (AECID), ESPAÑA.)



    (Departamento de Gestión Empresarial y Métodos Cuantitativos, UNIVERSIDAD DE CÓRDOBA, ESPAÑA.)



    (Departamento de Economía General, Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociología, UNIVERSIDAD DE CÓRDOBA, ESPAÑA.)

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    Con la aprobación del Reglamento (CE) 1698/2005 del Consejo de la Unión Europea (UE) de 20 de septiembre de 2005 se puso en marcha el cuarto programa de ayuda al Desarrollo Rural para el período 2007-2013. Son varias las regiones españolas afectadas por este reglamento, entre ellas Andalucía. En este artículo, se expone de manera sintética el enfoque metodológico utilizado para la Nueva Estrategia Rural para Andalucía (NERA) elaborada por el gobierno de la comunidad y con mayor amplitud la aplicación del Análisis Estructural de Prospectiva (AEP). El AEP es un método idóneo para analizar la complejidad de elementos, factores e interacciones presentes en los territorios rurales, así como para entender las variables en su situación presente y futura. Para ver la bondad de esta metodología se presentan los resultados obtenidos una vez aplicada a la comarca de Jerez. Finalmente se concluye el análisis con la discusión de los resultados y el análisis de las fortalezas y debilidades de la metodología aplicada. programme of Rural Development Aid for the period 2007-2013. There are several Spanish regions covered by this regulation, Andalusia is one of them. This paper presents in a synthetic way the methodological approach followed to design the New Rural Strategy for Andalusia (NERA, acronym in Spanish) elaborated by the Andalusian regional government and more broadly the use of the Prospective Structural Analysis (PSA) technique. This research suggests that PSA is a suitable method to analyse the complexity of elements, factors and interactions present in rural zones, as well as to understand variables in their present and future situation. It has been implemented in Jerez local area and its results are shown. After discussing the results, conclusions have been drawn. Finally the strengths and weaknesses of this methodology have been studied.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2011)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 247-278

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_1_5
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    1. Ambrosio Albala, Mateo & Delgado, Maria del Mar, 2008. "Understanding rural areas dynamics from a complex perspective. An application of Prospective Structural Analysis," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44159, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Ambrosio-Albalá, Mateo & Bastiaensen, Johan, 2010. "The new territorial paradigm of rural development: theoretical foundations from systems and institutional theories," IOB Discussion Papers 2010.02, Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB).
    3. Llop Llop, Maria, 2007. "Descomposición de los Cambios de Multiplicadores en una Matriz de Contabilidad Social: un Ejemplo para la Economía Catalana," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 743-758, Diciembre.
    4. De Miguel Vélez, F.J. & Manresa Sánchez, A., 2004. "Modelos SAM lineales y distribución de renta: una aplicación para la economía extremeña," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 1-22, Diciembre.
    5. Mingers, John & Rosenhead, Jonathan, 2004. "Problem structuring methods in action," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 152(3), pages 530-554, February.
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