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Las políticas territoriales de desarrollo rural de la Unión Europea: un balance de veinte años en Castilla y León/The Territorial Rural Development Policies of the European Union: A Twenty-Year Balance in Castilla y León



    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada, UNIVERSIDAD DE VALLADOLID, ESPAÑA.)


La política específicamente agraria se ha mostrado insuficiente para dinamizar los espacios rurales de Castilla y León, cuyas características físicas y estructurales introducen limitaciones para la producción en el marco competitivo de la Unión Europea. Ante esta realidad, las políticas territoriales de desarrollo rural se presentan como la alternativa para aumentar la competitividad, apoyando la reconversión, diversificando las actividades económicas mediante el recurso al potencial endógeno y contribuyendo a fijar la población y mejorar la calidad de vida de los diferentes espacios rurales. El balance de la aplicación de las distintas actuaciones bajo el enfoque LEADER, durante las dos últimas décadas, ha sido: la promoción y desarrollo del turismo, con diversas opciones; y, el impulso de pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYMEs), que han contribuido a la transformación y comercialización de productos agrarios y a generar empleo. Sin embargo, este impacto se ha verificado en pocos núcleos de mayor tamaño, cuyo efecto difusor ha sido limitado para reducir los desequilibrios del espacio rural regional y no ha logrado participar activamente en redes europeas de cooperación transnacional. Specific farm policies have not revitalized Castile and Leon rural environments, whose physical and structural characteristics limit their productive possibilities in the EU competitive market. Faced with this situation territorial polices for rural developments have been considered adequate for enhancing competitiveness by helping restructuring, diversifying economic activities emphasising endogenous potentialities, maintaining population in rural areas, and increasing quality of life in them. An assessment of the results obtained within the LEADER framework in the last two decades indicates that rural tourism has benefited, and that there has been a boost for the farm activities, especially trade and marketing activities, which small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have started and that have led to employment gains. However, the benefits have been located in few places, only those that boast high sizes, and have not achieved a visible reduction of rural inequalities nor have translated in an active participation in European networks of multinational cooperation.

Suggested Citation

  • Gordo Gómez, Pablo, 2011. "Las políticas territoriales de desarrollo rural de la Unión Europea: un balance de veinte años en Castilla y León/The Territorial Rural Development Policies of the European Union: A Twenty-Year Balanc," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 7-30, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:29_1_18

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Varela-Ortega, Consuelo & Sumpsi, Jose M. & Garrido, Alberto & Blanco, Maria & Iglesias, Eva, 1998. "Water pricing policies, public decision making and farmers' response: implications for water policy," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 19(1-2), September.
    2. Frank Messner, 2006. "Applying participatory multicriteria methods to river basin management: improving the implementation of the Water Framework Directive," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 24(2), pages 159-167, April.
    3. Berbel, J. & Gomez-Limon, J. A., 2000. "The impact of water-pricing policy in Spain: an analysis of three irrigated areas," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 219-238, March.
    4. Riesgo, Laura & Gomez-Limon, Jose A., 2006. "Multi-criteria policy scenario analysis for public regulation of irrigated agriculture," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 91(1-2), pages 1-28, November.
    5. Velazquez, Esther, 2006. "An input-output model of water consumption: Analysing intersectoral water relationships in Andalusia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 226-240, February.
    6. Sigel, Katja & Klauer, Bernd & Pahl-Wostl, Claudia, 2010. "Conceptualising uncertainty in environmental decision-making: The example of the EU water framework directive," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 502-510, January.
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    More about this item


    Políticas territoriales; Desarrollo rural; Unión Europea; LEADER; Castilla y León. ; Land Policies; Rural Development; European Union; LEADER; Castilla y León.;

    JEL classification:

    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure


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