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Análisis del perfil emprendedor: una perspectiva de género/Analysis of the Entrepreneurial Profile from a Gender Perspective

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    (Departamento Estadística, Econometría, Investigación Operativa, Organización de Empresas y Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE CÓRDOBA)



    (Departamento Estadística, Econometría, Investigación Operativa, Organización de Empresas y Economía Aplicada. UNIVERSIDAD DE CÓRDOBA)

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    El emprendimiento se considera un motor de la innovación y el crecimiento. Prestar especial atención a la implicación de la mujer en este ámbito se hace inevitable en tanto representa un grupo social de fuerza relevante en lo que a creación de empresas se refiere. Es necesario incidir en las diferencias de la figura de la potencial emprendedora, sus rasgos psicosociales, los estímulos y los principales obstáculos que encuentran las mujeres al iniciar una actividad empresarial. El objetivo principal de este artículo se centra en profundizar en dichas diferencias, basándose en un estudio realizado en una amplia muestra de alumnado universitario, fuente de potenciales emprendedores. Los resultados indican una menor iniciativa emprendedora en las mujeres, que además consideran en mayor medida el temor al fracaso como un obstáculo a la hora de pensar en la creación de una empresa propia. También son distintos los atributos asociados por género a una mayor probabilidad de acometer este tipo de proyecto en el futuro The entrepreneurship is a driving force of the innovation and the economic growth. To pay special attention to the implication of the women in this field becomes inevitable since they are a social group of relevant position in what is referred to companies’ creation. It is necessary to study the gender differences in depth in the figure of the potential enterpriser, their psycho-sociological features, the incentives and the principal obstacles that the women find when initiating a business activity. The main objective of this article focuses in analyzing these differences, being based on an empirical study accomplished in a wide sample of university students, source of potential entrepreneurs. The obtained results suggest a lower enterprising initiative in the women; they also consider in a major way the fear to the failure as an obstacle for thinking in a company's creation. Furthermore, the gender attributes correlated to a higher probability to undertake this type of project in the future are different.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 28 (2010)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 697(28á.)-697(28á.)

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:28_3_14
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    1. Sandberg, William R. & Hofer, Charles W., 1987. "Improving new venture performance: The role of strategy, industry structure, and the entrepreneur," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 5-28.
    2. Macmillan, Ian C. & Siegel, Robin & Narasimha, P. N. Subba, 1985. "Criteria used by venture capitalists to evaluate new venture proposals," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 119-128.
    3. Fagenson, Ellen A., 1993. "Personal value systems of men and women entrepreneurs versus managers," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 8(5), pages 409-430, September.
    4. Frederic Delmar & Per Davidsson, 2000. "Where do they come from? Prevalence and characteristics of nascent entrepreneurs," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 1-23, January.
    5. Berg Nina Gunnerud, 1997. "Gender, place and entrepreneurship," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 259-268, January.
    6. McDougall, Patricia P. & Robinson, Richard Jr. & DeNisi, Angelo S., 1992. "Modeling new venture performance: An analysis of new venture strategy, industry structure, and venture origin," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 267-289, July.
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