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Cambio estructural regional y agua: Escasez, dependencia e impactos sobre el tejido económico. El caso de Andalucía/Structural Change and Water: Scarcity, Dependence and Impacts on the Economy. The Case of Andalusia

  • PÉREZ BLANCO, CARLOS DIONISIO

    ()

    (Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.)

  • GÓMEZ GÓMEZ, CARLOS MARIO

    ()

    (Departamento de Fundamentos de Economía e Historia Económica, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares.)

  • GARRIDO YSERTE, RUBÉN

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares.)

El agua es un input clave para la producción de numerosos bienes, y su escasez puede ser un factor limitante para el desarrollo regional. La gestión de este recurso en España ha estado caracterizada por medidas de oferta que han descuidado la conservación de los recursos hídricos así como la gestión de la demanda..El artículo utiliza la metodología HEM (Hypothetical Extraction Method) para caracterizar la importancia económica del uso del agua en Andalucía y mostrar la baja productividad en el principal demandante de agua, el regadío (86% de la demanda total). Se presentan alternativas capaces de garantizar un crecimiento sostenible incidiendo en la capacidad de los mercados para incentivar el uso sostenible y, al mismo tiempo, promover el cambio estructural del modelo de crecimiento. Water is a key input in the production of many goods and services, and its scarcity might become a critical limiting factor in regional development. Water management in Spain has historically prioritized supply increases at the expense of further degradations in the resource base and has disregarded the managing of water demand and effciciency. The paper aims at analyzing the economic importance of water use in Andalusia (Spain) and showing the lack of productivity in the main water consumer -irrigation land (86% of total demand) by using the HEM methodology. It also explores explore the importance of market instruments both to promote sustainability and change the current growth model.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 28 (2010)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 423-446

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:28_2_9
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