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Costes comparados de las universidades españolas privadas y públicas/The Cost of Service Delivery in the Public and Private Spanish Universities

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  • MORENO HERRERO, DOLORES

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Granada.)

  • NAVARRO GOMEZ, Mª LUCIA

    () (Departamento de Estadística y Econometría. Universidad de Málaga. Telf.: 952 13 12 09-Fax: 952 13 20 57)

Abstract

A pesar del rápido crecimiento y del dinamismo del sector privado de enseñanza superior se sabe poco todavía de la realidad del mismo. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar desde una perspectiva comparada la estructura de los costes de las universidades públicas y privadas en relación con algunas de sus principales características de producción y de organización, utilizando por ello datos de varias fuentes del curso 2004-2005. Los análisis muestran que la producción de las actividades de enseñanza es alrededor de un tercio más cara por término medio en las universidades privadas. Si bien este diferencial de coste se debe a unos diferenciales en el precio unitario y en la intensidad de utilización del factor trabajo, así como a unas características bien definidas de su oferta de titulaciones, se explica sobre todo por unos fenómenos de escala. Los resultados también señalan que a pesar de tener un rendimiento interno mayor, las universidades privadas no son probablemente más coste-eficaces que las universidades públicas. Even though private universities have greatly expanded in Spain for the last years, little is known about the higher education private sector. This paper aims at examining the cost structure of public and private universities and how those costs relate to their organizational and production characteristics, using data from several sources for the 2004-2005 academic year. Our analysis shows that teaching production is about one third more expensive on average in private universities. Although this cost differential is due to differences in unit prices and labor intensity as well as the kind of degrees offered by private universities, it is largely explained by scale effects. Our results also indicate that, in spite of showing a greater internal performance, private universities are probably not more cost-effective than public institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Moreno Herrero, Dolores & Navarro Gomez, Mª Lucia, 2010. "Costes comparados de las universidades españolas privadas y públicas/The Cost of Service Delivery in the Public and Private Spanish Universities," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 479(34á.)-4, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:28_2_13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dundar, Halil & Lewis, Darrell R., 1995. "Departmental productivity in American universities: Economies of scale and scope," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 119-144, June.
    2. Koshal, Rajindar K. & Koshal, Manjulika, 1999. "Economies of scale and scope in higher education: a case of comprehensive universities," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 269-277, April.
    3. Ahn, Taesik & Charnes, Abraham & Cooper, William W., 1988. "Some statistical and DEA evaluations of relative efficiencies of public and private institutions of higher learning," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 259-269.
    4. Jimenez, Emmanuel, 1986. "The structure of educational costs: Multiproduct cost functions for primary and secondary schools in latin America," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 25-39, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    universidades públicas y privadas; costes universitarios comparados; funciones de costes; rendimientos de escala ; Public and private universities; comparative university costs; cost functions; returns to scale.;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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