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La antigüedad y las diferencias de esfuerzo entre trabajadores de distintas zonas geográficas: un estudio de los accidentes de trabajo/Seniority and Relative Effort Exercised by Workers from Different Geographical Areas: A Study of Occupational Accidents

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  • MORAL DE BLAS, ALFONSO

    () (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Jurídicas y de la Comunicación de Segovia. Universidad de Valladolid.)

  • MARTÍN ROMÁN, ÁNGEL

    () (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Jurídicas y de la Comunicación de Segovia. Universidad de Valladolid.)

  • RODRÍGUEZ CABALLERO, JUAN CARLOS

    () (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales de Valladolid. Universidad de Valladolid)

Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar las diferencias en el reporte de los accidentes conocidos dentro de la literatura como de difícil diagnóstico entre la población nacional e inmigrante. El fin de utilizar este tipo de accidentes es que en ellos puede parecer más verosímil que se produzcan episodios de absentismo laboral encubierto. Así se podría obtener una medida del esfuerzo relativo ejercido por los trabajadores inmigrantes en relación con los nacionales. Desde un punto de vista metodológico se realiza una estimación probit para obtener las principales conclusiones. Partiendo de esta estimación se descompone en dos partes la diferencia observada en la incidencia de este tipo de accidentes, una debida a las distintas características de cada grupo y otra provocada por la diferente repercusión de esas características. The objective of this article is to investigate the differences in the report of hard-to-diagnose injuries between Spanish and immigrant workers. We use this kind of accidents because is more common to find hidden labour absenteeism episodes in them. So it could be obtained a measure of the relative effort exercised by the immigrant workers in comparison with the national ones. From a methodological point of view we perform a probit estimation to obtain the main conclusions. Starting from these results we decompose the observed difference in the incidence of this type of accidents in two parts, one part justified by the characteristics of each group, and other part which is due to the different yield of those characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Moral De Blas, Alfonso & Martín Román, Ángel & Rodríguez Caballero, Juan Carlos, 2010. "La antigüedad y las diferencias de esfuerzo entre trabajadores de distintas zonas geográficas: un estudio de los accidentes de trabajo/Seniority and Relative Effort Exercised by Workers from Different," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 201(20á)-20, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:28_1_8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inmigración; riesgo moral; absentismo; descomposición no lineal ; Immigration; moral hazard; absenteeism; nonlinear decomposition..;

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy

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