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El coste de la cohesión: la realidad de una Europa desigual/Cohesion at the Present Moment: the Reality of an Unequal Europe



    () (Departamento de Economía Política y Hacienda Pública, Política Económica y Estadística. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales. UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA.)


La diversidad de la Unión Europea, que constituye uno de sus rasgos característicos, adquiere una dimensión de desigualdad cuando se analizan los logros de la cohesión. A pesar de que las distancias entre los Estados Miembros se han acortado, los ciudadanos no tienen el mismo acceso al Estado de Bienestar. El denominado modelo social europeo también se ha diversificado atendiendo no sólo a la trayectoria histórica de cada país, sino a la forma distinta en que se abordan los problemas viejos y nuevos de la sociedad comunitaria: envejecimiento, inmigración, globalización, medio ambiente, etc. The diversity of the European Union which is one of their characteristic features, acquires a dimension of inequality when considering the achievements of cohesion. Although the distances between member states have shortened, the citizens do not have the same access to the welfare state. The so-called European social model has also diversified looking not only at the historical performance of each country, but how different they are dealt with old and new problems in the EU society: aging, immigration, globalization, environment, etc.

Suggested Citation

  • García Nicolás, Cristina, 2009. "El coste de la cohesión: la realidad de una Europa desigual/Cohesion at the Present Moment: the Reality of an Unequal Europe," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 679-698, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_3_6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Javier Alonso & Miguel-Angel Galindo & Simon Sosvilla-Rivero, 1998. "Convergence in social protection benefits across EU countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 153-155.
    2. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
    3. Nicole Attia & Valérie Berenger, 2007. "Social Protection Convergence in the European Union: Impact of Maastricht Treaty," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 54(4), pages 469-487, December.
    4. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    5. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
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    More about this item


    cohesión; modelo social; desigualdad ; cohesion; social model; inequality.;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General


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