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Convergencia en protección social en la Unión Europea (1980-2001)/Convergence and Social Protection in EU (1980-2001)

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  • ÁLVAREZ AYUSO, INMACULADA

    () (Departamento de Teoría Económica: Análisis Económico e Historia Económica UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID.)

  • DE LUCAS SANTOS, SONIA

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada (Udi. Estadística). UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID.)

  • DELGADO RODRÍGUEZ, Mª JESÚS

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada II. UNIVERSIDAD REY JUAN CARLOS DE MADRID.)

Abstract

El modelo social europeo está siendo objeto de un intenso debate que trata de establecer en qué medida se ha visto afectado por los cambios socioeconómicos que han experimentado las economías europeas en las últimas décadas. Aunque cada Estado Miembro es responsable de la organización y financiación de su propio sistema de protección social, estos temas han adquirido mayor relevancia en el seno de la Unión Europea, al surgir la necesidad de lograr un mayor grado de convergencia también en estas políticas públicas. Con el objetivo de contribuir a este debate, en este artículo se analizará el proceso de convergencia en cada uno de los componentes del gasto en protección social con el objetivo de determinar en cuáles es más intenso este proceso de convergencia y sus principales factores condicionantes. The European social model is the subject of intense debate that seeks to establish to what extent is affected by socio-economic changes that European economies have experienced in recent decades. While each member state is responsible for organizing and funding their own social protection system, these issues have become more important within the European Union, raising the need to achieve a greater degree of convergence in these public policies. In order to contribute to this debate, this article will analyze the convergence process in each of the components of social protection expenditure and its main conditional factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Álvarez Ayuso, Inmaculada & De Lucas Santos, Sonia & Delgado Rodríguez, Mª Jesús, 2009. "Convergencia en protección social en la Unión Europea (1980-2001)/Convergence and Social Protection in EU (1980-2001)," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 663-678, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_3_5
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Javier Alonso & Miguel-Angel Galindo & Simon Sosvilla-Rivero, 1998. "Convergence in social protection benefits across EU countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 153-155.
    2. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
    3. Nicole Attia & Valérie Berenger, 2007. "Social Protection Convergence in the European Union: Impact of Maastricht Treaty," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 54(4), pages 469-487, December.
    4. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    5. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Estado de Bienestar; Protección social; Convergencia; Unión Europea; panel de datos. ; Welfare-State; Social protection; Convergence; European Union; Panel data estimation.;

    JEL classification:

    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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