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El desarrollo histórico de la Política Social de la Unión Europea y su estado actual/The Historical Development of the European Social Policy and its Present Situation



    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Valladolid)


Este artículo centra su atención en el desarrollo y evolución de la Política Social de la Unión Europea, teniendo en cuenta que tanto su existencia, como el contenido que debía tener, el grado de intervención al que debía llegar o el papel que habría de desempeñar en el proceso de integración europea siempre han suscitado grandes controversias y debates en su seno. A tal fin, recoge la trayectoria que ha tenido en sus Tratados y en las distintas etapas o fases por las que ha atravesado; analiza las prioridades que orientan su acción en el actual contexto de la Estrategia de Lisboa y los instrumentos que tiene a su disposición. Culmina con unas reflexiones de síntesis en torno a cuáles son sus principales limitaciones y qué retos que tiene planteados. This article focuses on the development and evolution of the Social Policy of the European Union, taking into account that its existence as well as its content, the degree of intervention to which it should aspire or the role that it should play in the process of European integration have always aroused great controversy and debate. To this end, the article includes the analysis of the path followed by the Social Policy of the European Union within the different Treaties and the various stages or phases that it has gone through; discusses the priorities that guide its action in the current context of the Lisbon Strategy and the tools which are at its disposal. The paper concludes with some synthesizing reflections regarding its main limitations as well as the challenges it faces.

Suggested Citation

  • Pedrosa Sanz, Rosario, 2009. "El desarrollo histórico de la Política Social de la Unión Europea y su estado actual/The Historical Development of the European Social Policy and its Present Situation," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 613-638, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_3_3

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    4. Dani Rodrik, 1998. "Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 997-1032, October.
    5. Perron, Pierre & Rodriguez, Gabriel, 2003. "GLS detrending, efficient unit root tests and structural change," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 1-27, July.
    6. Bollerslev, Tim, 1986. "Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 307-327, April.
    7. Lutz, Matthias & Singer, H. W., 1994. "The link between increased trade openness and the terms of trade: An empirical investigation," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(11), pages 1697-1709, November.
    8. Kim, So Young, 2007. "Openness, External Risk, and Volatility: Implications for the Compensation Hypothesis," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 61(01), pages 181-216, January.
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    10. MacKinnon, James G, 1996. "Numerical Distribution Functions for Unit Root and Cointegration Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 601-618, Nov.-Dec..
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    More about this item


    cohesión social; empleo; exclusión; igualdad de oportunidades; protección social; Unión Europea. ; social cohesion; employment; exclusion; equal opportunities; social protection; European Union.;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs


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