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Balance – Sheet of European Social Policy/Balance de la Política Social Europea





Specific competence of the European Union in the field of social security and social protection has been quite limited, as the Member States consider these two items as core subjects of national policies and appeal earnestly to subsidiarity principle to avoid European regulation. Influence of the E.U. has nevertheless been gradually and considerably increasing through the implementation of the Community rules on the internal market and competition. European social model is the so called “social market economy”, which means, in short, an economy ruled by a market whose transparency and fairness are guaranteed and controlled by the public powers. There is the will, at European level, to be able to achieve high economic and productivity growth, necessary to fuel recovery from crisis damages, while at the same time minimising so-called social failures, such as unemployment, poverty and social exclusion. The European Union addresses these areas as a matter of common concern and has a role in facilitating the exchange of information, data, best practices and research. The balance of European policies is in overall terms rather positive from the social point of view. Las competencias propias de la Unión Europea en materia de seguridad social y protección social son muy limitadas, porque los Estados Miembros consideran estas dos cuestiones como temas esenciales de la política nacional e invocan sin dudar el principio de subsidiariedad para evitar una reglamentación. Sin embargo, la influencia de la unión ha ido aumentando gradual y considerablemente mediante la aplicación de las normas comunitarias del mercado interior y la competencia. El modelo social europeo es el denominado “economía social de mercado”, que supone, en síntesis, una economía regida por el Mercado siempre que su transparencia y equidad estén garantizadas y controladas por los poderes públicos. A nivel europeo el objetivo es ser capaces de conseguir un alto crecimiento de la economía y la productividad, indispensable para remontar la crisis, minimizando al mismo tiempo las fracturas sociales: paro, pobreza y exclusión social. La Unión Europea considera estas cuestiones como asuntos de interés común, y juega un papel en facilitar el intercambio de información, datos, buenas prácticas e investigaciones. El balance de las políticas europeas es, en términos generales, bastante positive desde el punto de vista social.

Suggested Citation

  • Gil Robles, José María, 2009. "Balance – Sheet of European Social Policy/Balance de la Política Social Europea," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 591-598, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_3_1

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    Subsidiariedad; competencia; economía social de Mercado; buenas practices; fracturas sociales; interés común. ; Subsidiarity; Competition; Social Market Economy; Social Failures; Common Concern; Best Practices..;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination


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