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Estimación de la pobreza en las comunidades autónomas españolas, mediante la distancia DP2 de Pena /Poverty Estimate in the Spanish Autonomous Regions, using the P2-Distance Indicator



    () (Universidad de Valladolid)


Este trabajo se enmarca en las investigaciones que analizan la pobreza desde una perspectiva multidimensional e intentan aproximarse a su medición incorporando aspectos no exclusivamente económicos. El objetivo es llevar a cabo una aplicación para las comunidades autónomas españolas. Para ello, se elabora un vector de variables que contienen información sobre ingresos, salud, educación, empleo, vivienda, etc. Posteriormente se obtiene un indicador sintético de pobreza, o indicador de privación, mediante la metodología estadística basada en la distancia de Pena (DP2) Finalmente, se analiza la situación global, la posición de las distintas comunidades autónomas, y la importancia de cada variable en el indicador sintético de pobreza. This work is framed in the investigations that analyze the poverty from a multidimensional perspective and try to come near to their measurement by incorporating not only economic aspects. The aim of the paper is to carry out an application for the Spanish autonomous regions. In order to do that, a vector of variables containing information on income, health, education, employment, housing, etc., is elaborated. Later, a synthetic indicator of poverty, also named indicator of privation, is obtained by means of the statistical methodology based on P2-Distance (DP2). Finally, the global situation, the position of the different autonomous regions, and the importance of each variable in the synthetic indicator of poverty, are analyzed

Suggested Citation

  • Zarzosa Espina, Pilar, 2009. "Estimación de la pobreza en las comunidades autónomas españolas, mediante la distancia DP2 de Pena /Poverty Estimate in the Spanish Autonomous Regions, using the P2-Distance Indicator," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 397-416, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_5

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
    2. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, March.
    3. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
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    More about this item


    pobreza multidimensional; privación; indicador sintético; Distancia de Pena ; multidimensional poverty; privation; synthetic indicator; P2-Distance.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation


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