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El desarrollo humano: perfiles y perspectivas futuras /Profiles and Prospects of the Human Development

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  • TORRES SOLÉ, TERESA

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Lleida. Campus Cappont, Av. Jaume II, 73 25001 Lleida Teléfono 973 70 33 05 Fax 973 70 33 00)

  • ALLEPUZ CAPDEVILA, RAFAEL

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Facultad de Derecho y Economía. Universidad de Lleida.)

Abstract

El PNUD calcula todos los años el Índice de Desarrollo Humano (IDH). El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar los antecedentes y las perspectivas futuras del desarrollo humano a partir de los datos de este índice durante el periodo 1970-2000. Esto es, comprobar, a partir de los datos pasados, si las diferencias entre el IDH de los países del mundo están aumentando y valorar la tendencia del IDH esperada para los próximos años. En definitiva, se trata de buscar respuesta a la siguiente pregunta ¿cómo se modificarán los niveles de desarrollo humano en el futuro?. Para ello, se utiliza la metodología estadística del análisis dinámico de distribución mediante las cadenas de Markov. The aim of this study is to analyse the previous records and the future evolution of the human development from the IDH between 1970-2000. Every year the IDH is calculated by the PNUD. The outcome of the data derived from the analysis of the records, comparing and checking the growth in the IDH among the countries in the world; as well as assessing the forecast of the IDH trends. In short, the aim is to find the answer to the following question: How will the human development levels be modified in the future?. To achieve so, the statistic methodology of Markov Chains is applied.

Suggested Citation

  • Torres Solé, Teresa & Allepuz Capdevila, Rafael, 2009. "El desarrollo humano: perfiles y perspectivas futuras /Profiles and Prospects of the Human Development," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 545-562, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Índice de desarrollo humano; cadenas de Markov; economía del desarrollo ; Index of human development; Markov chains; economy of the development.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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