Problemas contractuales y acuerdos de subcontratación: El caso de la logística frigorífica en la industria alimentaria valenciana/
Las empresas agroalimentarias recurren cada vez más a subcontratar los servicios logísticos que requieren para entregar sus productos a los clientes. Las transacciones entre ellas y sus proveedores requieren a menudo la inversión en activos específicos. Estos activos son de diversa naturaleza, su incidencia es especialmente significativa en el caso de productos perecederos y su intensidad varía de unas empresas a otras. Todo ello explica la existencia en la práctica de distintos arreglos organizativos y diversos acuerdos contractuales. Aunque no tiene en cuenta suficientemente los problemas de adaptación, la economía neoinstitucional es la más idónea para analizar la relación entre los costes generados por las transacciones y las decisiones de las empresas para minimizarlos. Así, se comprueba que la respuesta a la existencia de altas especificidades de los activos es la integración vertical y la constitución de operadores logísticos en régimen de empresa-mixta. Food companies are subcontracting more and more the logistic services they need to supply the products to their clients. Transactions between them and their providers often need some investments in specific assets. There are different kinds of those assets, all of them can affect significatively in case of perishable products and their influence varies from company to company. This is the reason why in practice there are different types of contractual agreements. Neoinstitutional economics is the most suitable theory to analyze the relation between the costs and troubles caused by the transactions and the decisions taken by companies to minimize them, although not always it considers adjustment problems sufficiently. In this way, we can check that the result of the specific assets existence is the vertical integration and creation of logistics operators as joint-venture system.
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Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
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