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El capital humano como determinante del consumo cultural/

  • ATECA AMESTOY, VICTORIA MARIA

    ()

    (Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico II. UNIVERSIDAD DEL PAÍS VASCO / EUSKAL HERRIKO UNIBERTSITATEA)

En este trabajo discutimos la relevancia del capital humano para explicar diferencias en el consumo cultural y estimamos el efecto que la disponibilidad de este recurso personal tiene en las diferencias en la asistencia a actividades culturales. Utilizamos para ello datos de la Encuesta de Participación Pública en la Artes del año 2002 para Estados Unidos. Estimamos ecuaciones de participación para las 7 actividades de referencia definidas por el National Endowment for the Arts para explicar el número de veces que un individuo ha asistido a lo largo de un año a esas actividades. El concepto de capital cultural que utilizamos es el de un recurso personal que aumenta la productividad de los individuos que satisfacen sus necesidades culturales a través de consumo de bienes culturales. Explicamos la dotación de este tipo de capital cultural que tiene cada individuo a través de la educación formal de sus padres, de la educación general que han recibido y de diferentes tipos de educación cultural específica. Los modelos de participación son estimados usando modelos de regresión para datos de recuento, de todos ellos, seleccionamos un modelo binomial negativo con inflación de ceros. In this work we discuss the relevance of cultural capital to explain differences in arts participation and we estimate the effect of cultural capital on arts attendance for different live arts and cultural activities. We use the data derived from the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts 2002 for the United States. We estimate participation equations for the 7 benchmark activities as defined by the National Endowment for the Arts. Human capital is conceptualized as a personal productive resource that increases the productivity of the individual when fulfilling her cultural needs. We explain the individual’s cultural capital endowment by parental education, by personal general education and by personal specific training in that artistic matter measured. We estimate these participation equations using several regression models for count data and, among them, select the zero inflated negative binomials.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 89-112

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_1_17
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  1. Victoria Ateca - Amestoy, 2007. "Cultural capital and demand," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 26(1), pages 1-9.
  2. Stigler, George J & Becker, Gary S, 1977. "De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 76-90, March.
  3. David Throsby, 2011. "Cultural Capital," Chapters, in: A Handbook of Cultural Economics, Second Edition, chapter 20 Edward Elgar.
  4. J. Scott Long & Jeremy Freese, 2006. "Regression Models for Categorical Dependent Variables using Stata, 2nd Edition," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, edition 2, number long2, November.
  5. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:26:y:2007:i:1:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Throsby, David, 1994. "The Production and Consumption of the Arts: A View of Cultural Economics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(1), pages 1-29, March.
  7. Francesca Borgonovi, 2004. "Performing arts attendance: an economic approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(17), pages 1871-1885.
  8. Victoria Ateca-Amestoy, 2008. "Determining heterogeneous behavior for theater attendance," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 127-151, June.
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