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La influencia de los efectos espaciales en el crecimiento de la productividad de la PYME/

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  • MATÉ SÁNCUEZ-VAL, M.

    () (Departamento Economía Financiera y Contabilidad UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA DE CARTAGENA.)

  • GARCÍA PÉREZ DE LEMA, D.

    () (Departamento Economía Financiera y Contabilidad (*). Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos e Informáticos (**). UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA DE CARTAGENA.)

  • LÓPEZ HERNÁNDEZ, F.

    () (Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos e Informáticos (**). UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA DE CARTAGENA.)

Abstract

Este estudio examina la influencia de los efectos espaciales sobre el crecimiento de la productividad de la Pyme industrial española. Para desarrollar este trabajo usamos una muestra de 35.042 empresas segmentada en función de la tecnología del sector para el periodo 1996-2004. Con el objetivo de analizar la relación espacio-crecimiento utilizamos modelos de beta convergencia, y técnicas de econometría espacial. Los resultados confirman la existencia de procesos de convergencia regional en cada submuestra. Además, para las empresas correspondientes a alta y alta-media tecnología, los efectos espaciales ejercen una influencia positiva sobre este proceso. Este resultado pone de manifiesto la necesidad de implementar políticas regionales que fomenten el desarrollo de empresas de alta tecnología. This paper examines the influence of the spatial effects on the productivity growth for Spanish industrial SMEs. In order to carry out this study we use a sample composed by 35.042 firms over the period 1996-2004, distinguishing the technological intensity of the sector. To analyse the space-growth relation, we apply beta convergence models and spatial econometrics techniques. Results confirm the existence of convergence processes for each considered subsample. Besides, for high and high-medium technological SMEs, spatial effects exert a positive influence on their growth. This result indicates the importance in applying regional policies which encourage high technological firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Maté Sáncuez-Val, M. & García Pérez De Lema, D. & López Hernández, F., 2009. "La influencia de los efectos espaciales en el crecimiento de la productividad de la PYME/," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 283(24á)-28, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_1_11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Holl , Adelheid, 2013. "Firm location and productivity in Spain," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 25, pages 27-42.

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    Keywords

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    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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