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La distribución de los ingresos entre los Estados y Territorios australianos: Origen de su desigualdad y progresividad./

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    (Departamento Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Economía Aplicada. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)



    (Departamento Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Economía Aplicada. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)



    (Departamento Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Economía Aplicada. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)

El presente trabajo tiene por objeto analizar cómo se distribuyen las distintas fuentes de ingresos de los Estados y Territorios de Australia, a fin de evaluar la contribución de cada una de ellas a la desigualdad final resultante y valorar si el sistema de financiación es progresivo o regresivo y por qué. Para ello, la metodología aplicada es la descomposición natural de los índices de concentración y la descomposición directa del índice de Suits, resultando que la distribución de los recursos financieros es altamente igualitaria y algo progresiva, a lo cual contribuye fundamentalmente las transferencias. Ahora bien dicha progresividad en la distribución de los recursos totales se convierte en regresividad entre los Estados y Territorios con mayor nivel de producción per cápita. Esto se debe a que las transferencias benefician especialmente a los Estados y Territorios con menor tamaño poblacional. The present paper has as aim to analyse the distribution of the revenues between the States and Territories of Australia, for to assess the contribution to the inequality and progressiveness of financing resources and to value if the system is progressive o regressive and why. The methodology applied is the natural decomposition of the indexes of concentration and the direct decomposition of the index of Suits, resulting that the distribution of the financing resources presents high equality and is something progressive, due fundamentally to the contribution of the transfers. Now then, said progressiveness in the distribution of the total resources is transformed in regressiveness between the States and Territories with main level of production per cápita. This is due to that the transfers benefit especially to the States and Territories with minor population.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 281(20á)-281(20á)

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_1_10
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  1. Alchian, Armen A & Demsetz, Harold, 1972. "Production , Information Costs, and Economic Organization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 777-795, December.
  2. Oliver Hart & John Moore, 1999. "Foundations of Incomplete Contracts," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 66(1), pages 115-138.
  3. Eric Maskin & John Moore, 1999. "Implementation and Renegotiation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 66(1), pages 39-56.
  4. Masten, Scott E & Meehan, James W, Jr & Snyder, Edward A, 1991. "The Costs of Organization," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(1), pages 1-25, Spring.
  5. Martinez, Stephen W., 2002. "A Comparison of Vertical Coordination in the U.S. Poultry, Egg, and Pork Industries," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33773, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  6. Fama, Eugene F, 1980. "Agency Problems and the Theory of the Firm," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(2), pages 288-307, April.
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