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El capital estructural tecnológico como medida de crecimiento económico regional

  • ALFARO NAVARRO, JOSÉ LUIS

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía Política y Hacienda Pública, Estadística Económica y Empresarial y Política Económica. Área de Estadística.UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA, Plaza de la Universidad, 1, 02071 Albacete.)

  • LÓPEZ RUÍZ, VÍCTOR RAÚL

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía Española e Internacional, Econometría e Historia e Instituciones Económicas. Área de Econometría (Economía Aplicada).UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA, Plaza de la Universidad, 1, 02071 Albacete.)

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    Available natural resources, labour, capital and the technology factors have been the roots of the big transformations taken place in numerous territories. However, in the last times, the role of the knowledge, the intellectual capital, has won a bigger importance in growth process. In this sense, we use a aggregate model, that considers: human and structural capitals, where each component is determined using absolute and relative (efficiency) indicators. These indicators activate, supported in enterprise models, different expenditures as intangible stocks. In this work, we propose an approach, supported on principal components analysis, for the determination of the efficiency indicators used in the measurement of structural capital. Finally, we analyse the relationship between this capital and the Spanish regional economic growth. La disponibilidad de recursos naturales, el factor trabajo, el capital y la tecnología, han sido las raíces de las grandes transformaciones producidas en numerosos territorios. Sin embargo, en los últimos tiempos, el papel del conocimiento y, por tanto, del capital intelectual ha ganado importancia en este proceso. Para medirlo, utilizamos un modelo agregado que considera: capital humano y estructural, donde cada uno es determinado utilizando indicadores absolutos y relativos, que desde una perspectiva empresarial, activan, de acuerdo a su eficiencia, diferentes gastos como stocks intangibles. En este trabajo, proponemos una alternativa soportada en la técnica estadística de componentes principales para la determinación de los indicadores de eficiencia utilizados en el cálculo del capital estructural tecnológico. Posteriormente, analizamos y comparamos su incidencia en el crecimiento económico regional español.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 26 (2008)
    Issue (Month): (Julio)
    Pages: 57-72

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_3_15
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