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La pobreza en España en el período 1985-1995. Un análisis transversal y longitudinal


  • GONZÁLEZ RODRÍGUEZ, Maria del Rosario

    () (Departamento Economía Aplicada I. UNIVERSIDAD DE Sevilla)

  • VELASCO MORENTE, Francisco

    () (Departamento Economía Aplicada I. UNIVERSIDAD DE Sevilla)


    () (Departamento Economía Aplicada I. UNIVERSIDAD DE Sevilla)


The objective of the article has consisted of a cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the economic poverty state during the period 1985-1995, using the Panel Household Budget Survey for this period of time. The three aspects of poverty incidence, intensity and inequality in the left tail of the distribution, have been analysed in the cross-sectional approach. This analysis has been carried out through the calculations of poverty indices and the graphical representation of the TIPs curves. The longitudinal analysis, has focussed on the estimation of the risk function and the survival function, which allows us to know the duration in poverty, the transitions out of poverty and to identify those socio-economic and demographic characteristics of household with more influence in the duration of poverty El objetivo del trabajo consiste en un análisis transversal y longitudinal de la situación de pobreza económica experimentada por los hogares españoles en el período 1985-1995, utilizando para ello la Encuesta Continua de Presupuestos Familiares en dicho período. En el enfoque transversal se han analizado los tres aspectos de la pobreza: el aspecto absoluto, el relativo y la desigualdad en la cola inferior de la distribución. El análisis se ha llevado a cabo mediante la construcción de índices de pobreza y la representación gráfica de las curvas TIPs. El análisis longitudinal se ha basado en la estimación de las tasas de salida de la pobreza y la función de supervivencia, permitiendo conocer la duración en el estado de pobreza, las transiciones al estado de “no pobreza” e identificar aquellas características socioeconómicas y demográficas del hogar con mayor influencia en la duración de la pobreza

Suggested Citation

  • GONZÁLEZ RODRÍGUEZ, Maria del Rosario & VELASCO MORENTE, Francisco & GONZÁLEZ ABRIL, Luis, 2008. "La pobreza en España en el período 1985-1995. Un análisis transversal y longitudinal," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 26, pages 1-32, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_2_11

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    More about this item


    parametric methods; TIP’s curves; Kaplan-Meier estimation/métodos no paramétricos; curvas TIP’s; estimación Kaplan-Meier;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • D19 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Other
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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