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Factores determinantes del tamaño del Sector no Lucrativo en las Comunidades Autónomas españolas/Determinant factors for the Size of the Nonprofit Sector in the Spanish regions

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  • CALDERON MILLÁN, BEATRIZ

    () (Departamento de Economía Española e Internacional, Econometría e Historia e Instituciones Económicas. Área de Economía Española e Internacional. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales de Albacete. UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA.)

Abstract

En este trabajo se analizan los factores determinantes del tamaño del Sector No Lucrativo en las Comunidades Autónomas españolas, a partir de las hipótesis que se derivan de las aportaciones teóricas más relevantes de la literatura económica en este ámbito. Para ello se realiza un análisis econométrico multivariante que somete a contraste las hipótesis propuestas por la teoría económica para las regiones españolas. Como fuente de información básica se utiliza la Encuesta a Directivos de Entidades, FONCE-2001. Los resultados del trabajo revelan que el tamaño del Sector No Lucrativo depende directamente: del tamaño del sector público y del sector de empresas lucrativas, lo que indica una relación de complementariedad entre los diferentes sectores institucionales y no de sustitución; del grado de heterogeneidad de demanda, lo que nos habla de que el Sector surge para atender parte de la demanda insatisfecha con la oferta de bienes colectivos; del grado de información asimétrica lo que apunta que el Sector se dedica a la provisión de bienes de confianza; de la oferta de servicios de bienestar y de la sobrecarga del sector público, lo que muestra el papel que desempeña el Sector en la provisión y ampliación de los servicios de Bienestar; y del capital social que favorece la creación y promoción de entidades no lucrativas desde el lado de la oferta. In this paper, we analyze the main factors of the economic dimension (size) for the nonprofit sector in the Spanish regions, using the theoretical approaches more outstanding in the nonprofit literature. We use multivariate regression techniques for testing the main assessments of economic theory in the Spanish regions. As data source, we use the Survey to Enterprises Managers, FONCE-2001. Results reveal that nonprofit sector size depends on: public sector and profit organizations size, pointing out a complementary relation among the different institutional sectors and non a substitution relation; demand heterogeneity degree, indicating nonprofit sector emerges to attended a part of demand no satisfied by collective goods supply; asymmetric information degree, suggesting nonprofit sector spends its time on trust goods provision; welfare services supply and public sector overload, showing the role of nonprofit sector for providing and improvement welfare services; and social capital, encouraging the creation and promotion of non profit organizations from supply side.

Suggested Citation

  • Calderon Millán, Beatriz, 2008. "Factores determinantes del tamaño del Sector no Lucrativo en las Comunidades Autónomas españolas/Determinant factors for the Size of the Nonprofit Sector in the Spanish regions," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 26, pages 159-186, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_1_6
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    Keywords

    Sector No Lucrativo; heterogeneidad de demanda; fallos de contrato; información asimétrica; bienes colectivos; bienes de confianza/Nonprofit Sector; heterogeneity demand; contract failure; asymmetric information; collective goods; trust goods.;

    JEL classification:

    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • D86 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Economics of Contract Law
    • H44 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Goods: Mixed Markets
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

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