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Evolución y dinámica de la pobreza en España según el tipo de hogar/ Evolution and poverty dynamics in Spain depending on household type

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  • BÁRCENA MARTÍN, ELENA

    () (Departamento de Estadística y Econometría. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. UNIVERSIDAD DE MÁLAGA)

  • IMEDIO OLMEDO, LUIS JOSÉ

    (Departamento de Estadística y Econometría. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. UNIVERSIDAD DE MÁLAGA)

Abstract

Aunque los investigadores sociales siempre se han interesado por la evolución y la dinámica de la pobreza, este tipo de estudios se han potenciado en los últimos años debido a la disponibilidad de fuentes estadísticas adecuadas. En este trabajo, empleando como fuente las ocho olas del PHOGUE, 1994-2001, se realiza un estudio estático y dinámico de la pobreza en España para el periodo 1993-2000. Los resultados indican un ligero incremento de la pobreza al inicio de los años noventa, una reducción posterior en su incidencia e intensidad y un cambio de comportamiento en el año 2000. En el aspecto dinámico se observa la existencia de una significativa movilidad en la distribución de la renta. Se producen numerosas entradas y salidas de los individuos de la situación de pobreza, presentándose un comportamiento diferenciado según el tipo de hogar al que pertenecen. The interest surrounding the evolution and dynamic of poverty has been sharpened in recent years mainly due to the availability of appropriate statistical sources. This paper focuses on the static and dynamics of poverty in Spain using data from the eight waves of the European Community Household Panel from 1994 to 2001. The results show a slight increment in poverty in the early nineties, a later decrement in incidence and intensity of poverty, and a change in the behaviour in 2000. In the dynamic perspective, the pattern revealed is one of significant mobility in the income distribution. Exits and entries to poverty are common, and the individual’s behaviour is different depending on the type of household.

Suggested Citation

  • Bárcena Martín, Elena & Imedio Olmedo, Luis José, 2008. "Evolución y dinámica de la pobreza en España según el tipo de hogar/ Evolution and poverty dynamics in Spain depending on household type," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 26, pages 293-322, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:26_1_12
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    Keywords

    Ingreso y desigualdad; porcentaje de pobres y brecha de pobreza; tasas de entrada y salida; probabilidades de transición; PHOGUE/Income and inequality; head count ratio; income gap ratio; entry and exit rate; transition probability; ECHP;

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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