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Caracterización del comercio internacional de frutas y hortalizas en la Unión Europea/Characterization of Fruit and Vegetables Trade in the European Union

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    ((*) Universidad de Almería. Dpto. Dirección y Gestión de Empresas. Cañada de San Urbano s/n, 04120 Almería.)



    (Universidad de Almería. Dpto. de Economía Aplicada. Cañada de San Urbano s/n, 04120 Almería.)

Trade of fruit and vegetables (f&h) depends on a viable demand in advanced countries, mainly European Union (EU), United Stated and Japan. This paper studies the internal market of the European Union countries in order to know which are the most important exporters, producers and consumers. Indirectly we will see what kind of damages could cause the opening of trade from thirds countries. In this sense, it is emphasized the case of Spain, bigger European exporter, but of generic production, not having taken advantage of its knowledge of the markets to get hold of the added value that is generated by the resale of third countries productions. As for methodology, in this work, a coefficient of re-export is constructed, as well as, a table input-output to analyze the European Union trade by indexes. El sostenimiento del comercio internacional de frutas y hortalizas depende de la demanda de las áreas desarrolladas: Unión Europea, EEUU y Japón Este artículo se centra en la UE como foco importador (y exportador). Primero analiza el comercio interior caracterizando cada país según la labor que realiza (producción, intermediación o consumo); esta clasificación sirve, a su vez, para conocer cuál es la situación de cada zona de cara a afrontar el reto de la liberalización comercial. En este sentido, destaca el caso de España, principal exportador europeo, que actúa como un vendedor de producción genérica, no habiendo aprovechado su conocimiento de los mercados para apoderarse de parte del valor añadido que se genera con la reventa de producciones de terceros países. En cuanto a la metodología, en este trabajo se construye un coeficiente de reexportación, así como, una tabla input-output que sirve de base para analizar el comercio de la Unión Europea mediante los índices tradicionales de esta sistemática.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 25 (2007)
Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
Pages: 619-642

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:25_3_3
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  1. Jean-Marie Codron & Zouhair Bouhsina & Fatiha Fort & Emilie Coudel & Aurélie Puech, 2004. "Supermarkets in Low-income Mediterranean Countries: Impacts on Horticulture Systems," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 22, pages 587-602, 09.
  2. Cioffi, Antonio & dell'Aquila, Crescenzo, 2004. "The effects of trade policies for fresh fruit and vegetables of the European Union," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 169-185, April.
  3. Bashir A. Qasmi & Scott W. Fausti, 2001. "NAFTA intra-industry trade in agricultural food products," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(2), pages 255-271.
  4. Bijman, W.J.J. & Hendrikse, G.W.J., 2003. "Co-operatives in chains: institutional restructuring in the Dutch fruit and vegetables industry," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2003-089-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
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