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La tasa de beneficio en la dinámica económica de los países europeos, 1984-2003

  • PALAZUELOS MANSO, ENRIQUE

    ()

    (Grupo de Investigación sobre Crecimiento de la Economía Mundial (GICEM) Departamento de Economía Aplicada I Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales Universidad Complutense de Madrid Campus de Somosaguas 28223 – Madrid Tél: 91-3942473 Fax: 91- 3042499)

  • FERNÁNDEZ SÁNCHEZ, RAFAEL

    ()

    (Grupo de Investigación sobre Crecimiento de la Economía Mundial (GICEM) Departamento de Economía Aplicada I Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales Universidad Complutense de Madrid Campus de Somosaguas 28223 – Madrid Tél: 91-3942473 Fax: 91- 3042499)

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    This paper investigates the fundamental relationship which has been established between investment and profit rate with the intention of analysing the factors behind the change in the patterns of profit rates during phases of expansion and recession in the European economies during the period 1984-2003. Taking a Kaleckian interpretation as a starting point, explain the inflections in the process of growth and fall in the profit rate in each phase of the cycle. Since capital productivity responds to inertial factors, the analysis reveals that those inflections in the profit rate follow the variations in the factors which make up the mark-up of the companies, in other words, the productivity of the employees, salaries and prices. Este trabajo indaga en la relación fundamental que se establece entre la inversión y la tasa de beneficio con el propósito de analizar los factores que explican el cambio de pautas que sigue dicha tasa en las fases de expansión y recesión de las economías europeas durante el intervalo 1984-2003. Partiendo de una propuesta teórica kaleckiana, se explica por qué inflexiona el proceso de crecimiento/decrecimiento de la tasa de beneficio en cada fase del ciclo. Como la productividad del capital mantiene pautas inerciales, el análisis revela que las inflexiones de la tasa de beneficio obedecen a las variaciones de los factores que componen el mark-up de las empresas, esto es, la productividad de los empleados, la compensación salarial y los precios.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2007)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 821 - 26 páginas

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:25_3_14
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    1. Lavoie, M., 1992. "The Kaleckian Model of Growth and Distribution and its Neo-Ricardian and Neo-Marxian Critiques," Working Papers 9201e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
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