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Dynamic Analysis of Disability in Spain Using the European Community Household Panel/Análisis dinámico de la discapacidad en España con el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea

  • PAGÁN RODRÍGUEZ, RICARDO

    ()

    (Applied Economics Department (Economic Structure). University of Malaga (Spain). Plaza de El Ejido s/n. 29071 Málaga.Phone: +34 952131186)

In this work we analyse the disability phenomenon from a dynamic perspective to identify the different trajectories that working-age individuals follow over a 7-year period (1995-2001). The results obtained from the microdata of the European Community Household Panel for Spain show that a high percentage of disabled people are disabled in the short-term, especially in the case of women. However, when the same analysis is done for any specific year, disabled people are firmly located on long-term trajectories. We also identify significant differences in the probability of having a certain trajectory according to the socioeconomic characteristics of the individuals. When we analyse how long the disability lasts we find that although the number of disabled people who remain disabled decreases significantly in the first few years the percentage stays relatively stable in the remaining years. En este trabajo se analiza la discapacidad desde una perspectiva dinámica con el objetivo de identificar las diferentes trayectorias que siguen los individuos en edad de trabajar a lo largo de un periodo temporal de siete años (1995-2001). A partir de los microdatos del Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea para España, los resultados obtenidos muestran el elevado porcentaje de individuos que son discapacitados de corta duración, especialmente en el caso de las mujeres. Sin embargo, cuando se realiza este mismo análisis para un determinado año, las discapacidades se concentran en las trayectorias más largas. También, se detectan diferencias significativas en la probabilidad de encontrarse en alguna de las trayectorias de discapacidad según las características socioeconómicas de los individuos. Al analizar la duración de la discapacidad se observa que aunque el número de individuos que permanecen discapacitados decrece significativamente en los primeros años el porcentaje se mantiene estable en el resto de años.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 25 (2007)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
Pages: 499-522

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:25_2_7
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  1. Hugo Benitez-Silva & Moshe Buchinsky & Hiu Man Chan & Sofia Cheidvasser & John Rust, 2000. "How Large is the Bias in Self-Reported Disability?," Working Papers 2000-01, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  2. Stephen P. Jenkins & John A. Rigg, 2003. "Disability and disadvantage: selection, onset and duration effects," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6323, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Bound, John & Burkhauser, Richard V., 1999. "Economic analysis of transfer programs targeted on people with disabilities," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 51, pages 3417-3528 Elsevier.
  4. Kreider, Brent & Riphahn, Regina, 2000. "Explaining Applications to the U.S. Disability Program: A Semiparametric Approach," Staff General Research Papers 5184, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  5. Chirikos, Thomas N. & Nestel, Gilbert, 1984. "Economic determinants and consequences of self-reported work disability," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 117-136, August.
  6. Parsons, Donald O, 1982. "The Male Labour Force Participation Decision: Health, Reported Health, and Economic Incentives," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 49(193), pages 81-91, February.
  7. Michael P. Kidd & Peter J. Sloane & Ivan Ferko, 1998. "Disability and the Labour Market: an analysis of British males," Working Papers 98-10, Department of Economics, University of Aberdeen.
  8. Regina T. Riphahn, 1999. "Income and employment effects of health shocks A test case for the German welfare state," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 363-389.
  9. Richard V. Burkhauser & Mary C. Daly, 1998. "Disability and work: the experiences of American and German men," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, pages 17-29.
  10. Brent Kreider, 1999. "Latent Work Disability and Reporting Bias," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(4), pages 734-769.
  11. Gannon, Brenda & Nolan, Brian, 2003. "Disability and Labour Market Participation," Papers HRBWP04, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
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