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Producción Y Tiempo.Utilización De Capacidad Instalada En Las Empresas Españolas/Production and Time.Operating hours and capital utilization of Spanish firms

Author

Listed:
  • MUÑOZ DE BUSTILLO, RAFAEL

    () (Universidad de Salamanca)

  • FERNÁNDEZ MACÍAS, ENRIQUE

    () (Universidad de Salamanca)

Abstract

Este artículo aborda, desde una perspectiva básicamente descriptiva, el estudio del grado de utilización de la capacidad instalada en las empresas españolas a partir de los datos obtenidos con una nueva encuesta –EUCOWEcumplimentada por seis mil establecimientos españoles y realizada con esta fi nalidad. Para ello en una primera sección se examinan los factores que desde una aproximación teórica explicarían la existencia de una infrautilización del capital instalado, señalando así mismo las defi ciencias de la información existente sobre esta cuestión. Posteriormente se analiza, ayudándonos de una batería de indicadores, la utilización de capital instalado de las empresas Españolas por tamaño y sector, comparándolo con el existente en Alemania, Italia, Reino Unido, Francia y Portugal países para los que se cuentan con datos homogéneos. De los resultados destacan el bajo nivel de utilización de capital instalado en nuestro país, así como el papel que juegan los factores de oferta, demanda y culturales a la hora de explicarlo. In this paper we study, from a descriptive perspective, the level of utilization of operating capacity of the Spanish establishments, using a new data set –EUCOWE- based on a postal/phone survey answered in 2003 by six thousand Spanish establishments with this specifi c purpose. In the fi rst section of the paper we examined the economics of capacity utilization and review the different variables that affect the fi rm decision in relation to operating hours. The lack of reliable statistics on this issue is discussed as well. In the following sections we study, using a whole set of indicators, the level of operating capacity utilization of Spanish establishments by sector of activity and size. Later on, the Spanish results are compared to that of fi ve other European countries: Germany, France, The Netherlands, Portugal and United Kingdom, advancing the existence of different models or patterns of capital utilization. Two conclusions are highlighted: the low level of utilization of productive capacity in our country, and the role of both demand and supply factors in explaining such result.

Suggested Citation

  • Muñoz De Bustillo, Rafael & Fernández Macías, Enrique, 2007. "Producción Y Tiempo.Utilización De Capacidad Instalada En Las Empresas Españolas/Production and Time.Operating hours and capital utilization of Spanish firms," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 387-418, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:25_1_15
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. H. Kim, 1999. "Economic Capacity Utilization and its Determinants: Theory and Evidence," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 15(4), pages 321-339, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Utilización de capacidad productiva; jornada de trabajo/Operating hours; capital utilization; working time.;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General

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